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Bamar




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Bamar people
ဗမာလူမျိုး
Girl painted with thanaka.JPG
Burmese woman in traditional clothing
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Myanmar ~30,110,000
 Thailand ~2,890,000 [1]
 Australia 107,112
 Singapore 72,368
 United States 96,420
 Japan 15,800
 South Korea 22,000
 Malaysia 66,500
 United Kingdom 9,800
 Germany 7,300
 Hong Kong 5,400
 Cambodia 4,700
Languages
Burmese
Religions
Burmese folk religion and Theravada Buddhism

The Bamar (Burmese: ဗမာလူမျိုး bama loo-myo), Burmese or Burmans are the largest ethnic group in Myanmar.[2] The Bamar live around the Irrawaddy River. They speak the Burmese language, the official language of Myanmar.[2]

Where they are from

The Burmese-speaking people first migrated from Yunnan, China to the Irrawaddy valley in the 7th century. Over the following centuries, the Burmese absorbed other groups like the Pyu.[3][4] DNA tests show that the Bamar are East Eurasian, related to Southeast Asian and Northeast Asian people. But they also have "Indian influences".[3]

What they speak

The Bamar speak Burmese, a Sino-Tibetan language. So basic words are related to Chinese language and Tibetan language. Many words related to Buddhism are borrowed from Pali. The Burmese alphabet itself is based on Indian scripts.

References

  1. CIA World Factbook – Thiland; 1.3% of the estimated 68.41 million people in July 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency" (in en). https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bm.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Summerer, Monika; Horst, Jürgen; Erhart, Gertraud; Weißensteiner, Hansi; Schönherr, Sebastian; Pacher, Dominic; Forer, Lukas; Horst, David et al. (2014). "Large-scale mitochondrial DNA analysis in Southeast Asia reveals evolutionary effects of cultural isolation in the multi-ethnic population of Myanmar". BMC Evolutionary Biology 14 (1): 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-14-17 . PMC 3913319 . PMID 24467713 . 
  4. (Myint-U 2006)