> wiki  


KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search
Great Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya.jpg
Rajgir - 028 Bathing Pool at foot of Hill (9245042360).jpgNalanda University India ruins.jpg
Clockwise from top: Great Buddha Statue at Bodh Gaya, ruins of ancient Nalanda University, Madhubani painting from Mithila region, Brahma Kund hot springs in Rajgir
Official logo of Bihar
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Text' not found.
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Text' not found.
Location of Bihar in India
Location of Bihar in India
Coordinates (Patna): Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 492: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Statehood26 January 1950
Largest cityPatna
 • GovernorPhagu Chauhan (BJP)[1]
 • Chief MinisterNitish Kumar (JD(U))
 • Deputy Chief MinisterSushil Kumar Modi[2] (BJP)
 • Legislature
 • High CourtPatna High Court
 • Total94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Area rank12th
 • Total103,804,637
 • Rank3rd
 • Density1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnolinguistic Groups
Bhojpuris Maithils Magahis
Demonym(s)Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Text' not found.
GDP (2017–18)
 • TotalINR4.88 lakh crore (US$83 billion)
 • Per capitaINR38860 (US$660)
 • OfficialHindi
 • Additional officialMaithilia,[6] Urdub
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR
HDI (2017)Increase 0.566[7] (medium) · 29th
Literacy (2011)63.82%[8]
Sex ratio (2011)918 /1000 [9]

Bihar (/bˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] ( listen)) is a state in the Republic of India, covering an area of 38,202 mi² (99,200 km²). The capital is Patna. Bihar is bordered by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, and West Bengal to the east. To the north of Bihar is the country of Nepal. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone. It is one of the poorest regions in India.

Provincial symbols of Bihar


  1. "Senior BJP Leader Phagu Chauhan Appointed Governor of Bihar, to Take Over From Lal Ji Tandon". News18. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019. 
  2. "Nitish Kumar to take oath as Chief Minister of Bihar, Sushil Modi to be deputy CM – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  3. "State Profile". 
  4. "census of india". Census of India 2001. Government of India. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2007. 
  5. "MOSPI Gross State Domestic Product". 1 March 2019. 
  6. "Archived copy". 
  7. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database" (in en). Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Retrieved 25 September 2018. 
  8. Provisional Population Totals – India ., 108. 111. Report.
  9. "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)". Planning Commission, Government of India. Retrieved 3 October 2018.