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Bihar




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Official logo of Bihar
Location of Bihar in India
Location of Bihar in India
Coordinates (Patna): 25°24′N 85°06′E / 25.4°N 85.1°E / 25.4; 85.1Coordinates: 25°24′N 85°06′E / 25.4°N 85.1°E / 25.4; 85.1
CountryIndia
Formation
Statehood26 January 1950
CapitalPatna
Largest cityPatna
Districts38
Government
 • GovernorPhagu Chauhan (BJP)[1]
 • Chief MinisterNitish Kumar (JD(U))
 • Deputy Chief MinisterSushil Kumar Modi[2] (BJP)
 • Legislature
 • High CourtPatna High Court
Area
 • Total94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Area rank12th
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total103,804,637
 • Rank3rd
 • Density1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnolinguistic Groups
Bhojpuris, Maithils, Magahis
GDP (2017–18)
 • TotalINR4.88 lakh crore (US$83 billion)
 • Per capitaINR38860 (US$660)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • Additional officialMaithilia,[6] Urdub
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR
HDI (2017)Increase 0.566[7] (medium) · 29th
Literacy (2011)63.82%[8]
Sex ratio (2011)918 /1000 [9]
Websitegov.bih.nic.in

Bihar (/b[unsupported input]ˈhɑr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] ( listen)) is a state in the Republic of India, covering an area of 38,202 mi² (99,200 km²). It is bigger than Hungary but smaller than South Korea. The capital is Patna. Bihar is bordered by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, and West Bengal to the east. To the north of Bihar is the country of Nepal. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone. It is one of the poorest regions in India.

Provincial symbols of Bihar

References

  1. "Senior BJP Leader Phagu Chauhan Appointed Governor of Bihar, to Take Over From Lal Ji Tandon". News18. 20 July 2019. https://www.news18.com/news/india/senior-bjp-leader-phagu-chauhan-appointed-governor-of-bihar-to-take-over-from-lal-ji-tandon-2238879.html. Retrieved 25 July 2019. 
  2. "Nitish Kumar to take oath as Chief Minister of Bihar, Sushil Modi to be deputy CM – Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/nitish-kumar-to-take-oath-as-chief-minister-of-bihar-sushil-modi-to-be-deputy-cm/articleshow/59782354.cms. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  3. "State Profile". http://gov.bih.nic.in/Profile/default.htm. 
  4. "census of india". Census of India 2001. Government of India. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070403123745/http://www.censusindia.gov.in/. Retrieved 14 April 2007. 
  5. "MOSPI Gross State Domestic Product". 1 March 2019. http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/press_releases_statements/State_Series_1mar19.xls. 
  6. "Archived copy". http://mha.nic.in/hindi/sites/upload_files/mhahindi/files/pdf/Eighth_Schedule.pdf. 
  7. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database" (in en). Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. https://hdi.globaldatalab.org/areadata/shdi/. Retrieved 25 September 2018. 
  8. Provisional Population Totals – India . Censusindia.gov.in, 108. 111. Report.
  9. "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)". Planning Commission, Government of India. http://planningcommission.gov.in/data/datatable/data_2312/DatabookDec2014%20307.pdf. Retrieved 3 October 2018.