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|Native to||India, Madhesh and Nepal|
|Region||Northern Bihar, Madhesh,Nepal|
|Native speakers||30 million (2000–2001)|
|Writing system||Tirhuta (Mithilakshar)|
Kaithi (Maithili style)
|Official language in|| Nepal Interim Constitution 2007|
India 8th schedule of Constitution of India, Bihar
|This language has its own Wikipedia project. See the Maithili language edition.|
Maithili (Nepali: मैथिलीLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.; //; Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is spoken in Nepal and northern India. It is spoken by 34.7 million people. Of those, 2.8 million are Nepalese people. It is the second largest national language of Nepal. In ancient times, Maithili language was written in Mithilakshar. Now it is written in Devanagari script.
- Maithili at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- "Maithili". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
- Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
- Yadava, Y. P. (2013). Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal. Nepalese Linguistics 28: 262–274.