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Maithili language



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Maithili
मैथिली, মৈথিলী
Maithili.svg
Native toIndia, Madhesh and Nepal
RegionNorthern Bihar, Madhesh,Nepal
EthnicityMaithil
Native speakers30 million  (2000–2001)[1]
Language family
Dialects
Central (Sotipura)
Western
Khortha (Eastern)
Dehati
Jolaha
Kisan
Southern
Thetiya
Writing systemTirhuta (Mithilakshar)
Kaithi (Maithili style)
Devanagari
Official status
Official language in Nepal Interim Constitution 2007
India 8th schedule of Constitution of India, Bihar
Language codes
ISO 639-2mai
ISO 639-3mai

Maithili (Nepali: मैथिलीLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.; /ˈmtli/;[2] Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is spoken in Nepal and northern India. It is spoken by 34.7 million people. Of those, 2.8 million are Nepalese people. It is the second largest national language of Nepal.[3] In ancient times, Maithili language was written in Mithilakshar.[4] Now it is written in Devanagari script.

References

  1. Maithili at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. "Maithili". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  3. Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  4. Yadava, Y. P. (2013). Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal. Nepalese Linguistics 28: 262–274.