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Marathi language

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मराठी Marāṭhī
Devanāgarī and Modi scripts.svg
Marathi written in Devanāgarī and Modi
Native to India
Region Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh parts of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu
Native speakers 73 million  (2007)[1]
Language family
Varhadi , Maalavi, Khaandeshi, Ahirani,
Writing system Devanagari
Modi (historical)
Official status
Official language in  India: Maharashtra, Daman and Diu[2] and Dadra and Nagar Haveli[3]
Regulated by Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad & various other institutions
Language codes
ISO 639-1 mr
ISO 639-2 mar
ISO 639-3 Either:
mar – Modern Marathi
omr – Old Marathi
Linguist List omr Old Marathi

Marathi (मराठी भाषा) is the language spoken in Maharashtra, India. It is also Maharashtra's official language. It is at least one thousand years old and is based on Sanskrit. The written script is Devanāgarī - the same as one used to write Hindi.

Maharashtra, the state in India where the majority of Marathi speakers live.

People living in Maharashtra and parts of neighboring states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Chattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh, union-territories of Daman-diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli speak Marathi.

Other websites


  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. The Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, 1987 makes Konkani the sole official language, but provides that Marathi may also be used "for all or any of the official purposes". The Government also has a policy of replying in Marathi to correspondence received in Marathi. Commissioner Linguistic Minorities, 42nd report: July 2003 - June 2004, pp. para 11.3
  3. Marathi is an official language of Dadra and Nagar Haveli Administration's profile.