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Flag of Gujarat
Official seal of Gujarat
A map showing the location of Gujarat in India
A map showing the location of Gujarat in India
Map of Gujarat
Map of Gujarat
Country India
RegionWest India
Established1 May 1960
 • LegislatureUnicameral (295* seats)
 • Total88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
 • Total91,347,736
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Official languagesGujarati · English
^*  294 elected, 1 nominated

Gujarat (Gujarati: ગુજરાત, Sindhi: گوجارات) is a state within the Republic of India. Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat. This city is named after Mahatma Gandhi. Its area is 75,686 mi² (196,077 km²), excluding the Kori Creek of the Rann of Kachchh: which is disputed by Pakistan , but it includes the Kutch District, in terms of area it is bigger than Syria but smaller than Senegal.[1]

In traditional Indian geography it falls under the West Indian zone. Ahmedabad, Baroda, Surat, Bharuch, Porbandar, Rajkot, Jamnagar are some important cities in Gujarat. Champaner, Gondal, Bhavnagar, Utelia, Zainabad, Bhuj, Sasangir are some tourist places. People in Gujarat are mainly engaged in Agriculture and business.

The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.[2] Gujarat is native place to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.


Gujarat is derived from the Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, meaning "The Land of the Gurjaras", who ruled Gujarat in the 8th and 9th centuries CE. Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period.

Provincial symbols of Gujarat