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Bengali language

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বাংলা Bangla
The word "Bangla" in Bengali script
Native to Bangladesh, India (mainly in West Bengal); significant communities in United Kingdom, United States, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Australia, Burma, Canada
Native speakers 205 million  (2010)[1]
Language family
Writing system Bengali alphabet (Brahmic)
Bengali Braille
Official status
Official language in  Bangladesh,
 India (West Bengal, Tripura and Barak Valley) (comprising districts of south Assam- Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi)
Regulated by Bangla Academy (Bangladesh)
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi (West Bengal)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 bn
ISO 639-2 ben
ISO 639-3 ben
Linguasphere 59-AAF-u (including Sylheti etc), 30 varieties: 59-AAF-ua...59-AAF-uk
Bengalispeaking region.png
Bengali-speaking area

Bengali is the most eastern Indo-Iranian language from South Asia. It developed from a language called Pali.

Bengali is spoken in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, southern Assam, and eastern Jharkhand.

There are about 220 million native speakers and about 250 million total speakers of Bengali. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, ranking seventh.[2]

Almost all of the people in Bangladesh speak Bengali, and many famous books and poems are written in Bengali.Rabindranath Tagore was a famous poet who wrote in Bengali. Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The national anthems of both India and Bangladesh were written in this language.[3]


  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2010" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2010
  2. "Statistical Summaries". Ethnologue. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  3. "Statement by Hon'ble Foreign Minister on Second Bangladesh-India Track II dialogue at BRAC Centre on 07 August, 2005". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2008-05-27.