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Binalong, New South Wales
New South Wales
Central Binalong looking towards the post office and the Hotel Binalong
|Location:||37 km (23 mi) NW of Yass|
|LGA:||Yass Valley Shire|
The Aboriginal people who lived in the area were part of the Ngunnawal people. The first Europen to visit the area was Hamilton Hume in 1821. The name of the town is believed to come from either an Aboriginal word meaning 'towards a high place' or from 'Bennelong', the name of a famous Aborigine.
Binalong was outside the legal limits of European settlement in New South Wales. However farmers settled in the area before the law changed to allow settlement in 1839. From 1847 there was a police camp at Binalong and a court. The old Cobb and Co inn was built at that time as a staging post for Cobb and Co coaches.
The town was officially listed in 1850. It was an important stop on the way for people going to look for gold at Lambing Flat. The school was started in 1861. Gold also meant that there were bushrangers in the area. The grave of John Gilbert is near the town in the field where the police kept their horses. He was a member of Frank Gardiner's gang and later Ben Hall's gang. He was shot dead by police in 1865.
The family of the poet Banjo Paterson moved to the Binalong area in 1869 when he was five years old. He went to the primary school in Binalong but later went to boarding school in Sydney. He only came home in the holidays. Binalong features in a number of his poems, for example, Pardon, the son of Reprieve. Paterson's father is buried in the local cemetery.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Binalong (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL109000&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- "Binalong railway station". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/locations/show.php?name=NSW:Binalong&line=NSW:main_south:0. Retrieved 2008-04-08.