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|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States|
|Assumed office |
October 6, 2018
|Appointed by||Donald Trump|
|Preceded by||Anthony Kennedy|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit|
May 30, 2006 – October 6, 2018
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Laurence Silberman|
|White House Staff Secretary|
June 6, 2003 – May 30, 2006
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Harriet Miers|
|Succeeded by||Raul F. Yanes|
Brett Michael Kavanaugh
February 12, 1965
|Spouse(s)||Ashley Estes (m. 2004–present)|
|Education||Yale University (BA, JD)|
Brett Michael Kavanaugh (born February 12, 1965) is an American judge. He is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since October 6, 2018. He was the United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He was Staff Secretary in the Executive Office of the President of the United States under President George W. Bush.
Kavanaugh was nominated by President Donald Trump on July 9, 2018, to become an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, following the vacancy created by the retirement of Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Kavanaugh was born in Washington, D.C.. He was born to Martha Gamble (Murphy) and Everett Edward Kavanaugh Jr. He was raised in Bethesda, Maryland. He attended the same high school as Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch (just two years apart).
Kavanaugh, very active in college sports, attended Yale University. He graduated from Yale in 1987 with a Bachelor of Arts cum laude. He graduated from Yale Law School with a Juris Doctor in 1990.
Kavanaugh first worked as a law clerk for Judge Walter King Stapleton of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Kavanaugh was admitted to the Maryland Bar in 1990 and the District of Columbia Bar in 1992.
George W. Bush administration (2001–2006)
In December 2000, Kavanaugh joined the legal team of George W. Bush, which was trying to stop the ballot recount in Florida following the 2000 election. After Bush became president in January 2001, Kavanaugh was hired as an associate by the White House Counsel, Alberto Gonzales.
U.S. Circuit Judge (2006–2018)
President George W. Bush nominated Kavanaugh to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on July 25, 2003. His nomination stalled in the Senate for nearly three years. Democratic senators accused him of being too partisan. In 2003, the American Bar Association had rated Kavanaugh as "well qualified".
The Senate Judiciary Committee recommended he be confirmed on a 10–8 party-line vote on May 11, 2006, he was confirmed by the Senate on May 26 by a vote of 57–36. He was sworn in June 1.
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (since 2018)
Kavanaugh was one of four U.S. Court of Appeals judges to receive a personal 45-minute interview by President Donald Trump as a possible replacement for Justice Anthony Kennedy. On July 9, 2018, Trump nominated Kavanaugh for a seat on the Supreme Court.
Political commentators said that Kavanaugh's nomination would push the Supreme Court to the right for many years. He is a known critic of abortion and Roe v. Wade decision. He is a supporter of the Brown v. Board of Education decision calling it the "single greatest Supreme Court decision in history".
Sexual assault allegations
On September 27, 2018, Professor Christine Blasey Ford, accused him of sexual assault when they were both in high school. Republican members of the committee did not question Ford directly rather a Republican-hired investigator.
Ford said that they were both “visibly drunk” and that Kavanaugh had locked her into a bedroom, where he groped her and tried to take off her clothes. She said she “believed he was going to rape me” and feared for her life when he held his hand over her mouth. In his opening statement, Kavanaugh claimed the accusations were politically motivated by Democrats and Bill Clinton.
After Ford opened up about her accusations, two more women accused Kavanaugh of sexual assault/harassment. Deborah Ramirez accused Kavanaugh of exposing himself when they were at Yale. Later, former government employee Julie Swetnick, accused Kavanaugh of drugging her and raping her in a gang rape.
After the Senate committee vote, Senators Flake, Manchin and Murkowski called for an FBI investigation into the sexual assault allegations against Kavanaugh. President Trump ordered a limited investigation.
- Barnes, Robert (July 21, 2018) (in en). Kavanaugh papers offer new clues into his views on executive power. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/kavanaugh-papers-offer-new-clues-into-his-views-on-executive-power/2018/07/21/c48e7316-8cfc-11e8-a345-a1bf7847b375_story.html?utm_term=.1367a8b8e5b3. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Brett Kavanaugh Fast Facts. CNN. July 16, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/16/us/brett-kavanaugh-fast-facts/index.html. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
- Chen, David; Neil A. Lewis (September 12, 1998). "TESTING OF A PRESIDENT: THE AUTHORS; A Young Protege of Starr, and an Established Nonfiction Writer". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1998/09/12/us/testing-president-authors-young-protege-starr-established-nonfiction-writer.html. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Wilson, Chris (June 27, 2018). "Appellate judge on D.C. Circuit seen as early favorite on Trump's Supreme Court shortlist". Yahoo! News. https://www.yahoo.com/news/appellate-judge-d-c-circuit-seen-early-favorite-trumps-supreme-court-shortlist-203121934.html.
- Landler, Mark; Haberman, Maggie (July 9, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh Is Trump’s Pick for Supreme Court" (in en-US). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/09/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-supreme-court.html. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- Farrow, Ronan; Mayer, Jane (September 23, 2018). Senate Democrats Investigate a New Allegation of Sexual Misconduct, from Brett Kavanaugh’s College Years. New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/senate-democrats-investigate-a-new-allegation-of-sexual-misconduct-from-the-supreme-court-nominee-brett-kavanaughs-college-years-deborah-ramirez. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "A Sexual-Misconduct Allegation Against the Supreme Court Nominee Brett Kavanaugh Stirs Tension Among Democrats in Congress". https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/a-sexual-misconduct-allegation-against-the-supreme-court-nominee-brett-kavanaugh-stirs-tension-among-democrats-in-congress.
- "Sexual assault claim leaves Kavanaugh nomination in limbo" (in en). POLITICO. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/09/14/gop-kavanaugh-sexual-assault-allegation-824699. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
- Blanton, Dana (September 23, 2018). "Fox News Poll: Record number of voters oppose Kavanaugh nomination". http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/09/23/fox-news-poll-record-number-voters-oppose-kavanaugh-nomination.amp.html.
- Rakich, Nathaniel (July 18, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh Is Polling Like Robert Bork And Harriet Miers". http://www.fivethirtyeight.com/features/brett-kavanaugh-is-polling-like-robert-bork-and-harriet-miers/.
- Dinan, Stephen (September 23, 2018). "Kavanaugh support slips as public believes accuser". https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/23/brett-kavanaugh-support-slips-public-believes-accu/.
- Hart, Benjamin (September 23, 2018). "Polls: Kavanaugh’s Popularity Hits New Lows After Ford Accusation". http://www.nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/amp/2018/09/brett-kavanaugh-poll-numbers-christine-ford.html.
- Page, Susan (September 21, 2018). "Poll: Brett Kavanaugh faces unprecedented opposition to Supreme Court confirmation". https://www.usatoday.com/amp/1374835002.
- "George W. Bush: Remarks at a Swearing-In Ceremony for Brett Kavanaugh as a United States Circuit Judge for the District of Columbia". presidency.ucsb.edu. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=86.
- The Social List of Washington, D.C. and Social Precedence in Washington. J.S. Murray. July 10, 1990. https://books.google.com/?id=wwojAQAAIAAJ.
- Mervosh, Sarah (July 11, 2018). "Kavanaugh and Gorsuch Both Went to the Same Elite Prep School". The New York Times: A19. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/10/us/kavanaugh-gorsuch-georgetown-prep.html. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
- Durkin Richer, Alanna; Peltz, Jennifer (August 28, 2018). "At Yale, Kavanaugh Stayed Out Of Debates At A Time Of Many". Hartford Courant. http://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-news-brett-kavanaugh-yale-20180828-story.html#. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- "Brett Kavanaugh '90 Nominated to U.S. Supreme Court". Yale Law School. July 9, 2018. https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/news/brett-kavanaugh-90-nominated-us-supreme-court. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- "Brett M. Kavanaugh resume". United States Department of Justice Archive. https://www.justice.gov/archive/olp/kavanaughresume.htm. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- Roberts, Edith (June 28, 2018). Potential nominee profile: Brett Kavanaugh. SCOTUSblog. http://www.scotusblog.com/2018/06/potential-nominee-profile-brett-kavanaugh. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- Lovelane, Ryan (July 13, 2018). "Kavanaugh at Kirkland; Troutman Hires; MoFo Moves". National Law Journal. https://www.law.com/nationallawjournal/2018/07/13/kavanaugh-at-kirkland-troutman-hires-mofo-moves/. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- Liptak, Adam (August 20, 2019). Brett Kavanaugh Urged Graphic Questions in Clinton Inquiry. p. A1. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-clinton-starr.html. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
- Landler, Mark; Apuzzo, Matt (July 6, 2018). Brett Kavanaugh, Supreme Court Front-Runner, Once Argued Broad Grounds for Impeachment. p. A1. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/05/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-supreme-court-impeachment.html. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- Madan, Monique O. (July 9, 2018) (in en). New Supreme Court nominee Kavanaugh has ties to big Florida moments. https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/national/article214604235.html. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- "The White House Transition Project, 1997-2017 - Report 2017-23 - The Office of the Staff Secretary". Rice University, Baker Institute for Public Policy. p. 25. http://whitehousetransitionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/WHTP2017-23-Staff-Secretary.pdf.
- "Presidential Nomination 840, 108th United States Congress". United States Congress. July 25, 2013. https://www.congress.gov/nomination/108th-congress/840. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- "Conformation hearing on the nomination of Brett M. Kavanaugh to be Circuit Judge for the District of Columbia Circuit". Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Publishing Office. April 27, 2004. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-108shrg24853/html/CHRG-108shrg24853.htm.
- Selk, Avi (September 28, 2018). The American Bar Association had concerns about Kavanaugh 12 years ago. Republicans dismissed those, too.. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2018/09/28/american-bar-association-had-kavanaugh-concerns-years-ago-republicans-dismissed-those-too/?utm_term=.3838effd2bf0. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
- "Confirmation Hearing on the Nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to be Circuit Judge for the District of Columbia Circuit: Hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, Second Session". Washington, D.C.: United States Government Publishing Office. May 9, 2006. http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS72095. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
- "Presidential Nomination 1179, 109th United States Congress". United States Congress. January 25, 2006. https://www.congress.gov/nomination/109th-congress/1179. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 109th Congress – 2nd Session". Washington, D.C.: United States Senate. May 26, 2006. https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=2&vote=00159.
- Riechmann, Deb (November 15, 2006). "Bush: Review of Judges Is Mean-Spirited". Associated Press. http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/B/BUSH_JUDGES?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT.
- Landler, Mark; Haberman, Maggie (July 9, 2018). Brett Kavanaugh Is Trump's Pick for Supreme Court. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/09/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-supreme-court.html. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- Remarks by President Trump Announcing Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh as the Nominee for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. The White House. July 10, 2018. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-announcing-judge-brett-m-kavanaugh-nominee-associate-justice-supreme-court-united-states. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- "Pres. Nom. 2259". 115th Cong. (2018). https://www.congress.gov/nomination/115th-congress/2259.
- Cope, Kevin (July 7, 2018). "Exactly how conservative are the judges on Trump's short list for the Supreme Court? Take a look at this one chart.". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2018/07/07/exactly-how-conservative-are-the-judges-on-trumps-short-list-for-the-supreme-court-take-a-look-at-this-one-chart. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- Brett Kavanaugh, American Enterprise Institute, September 18, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
- Abortion, race, gay rights, death penalty: Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh could make the difference, USA Today, Richard Wolf, August 19, 2018. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
- FOX 10 Phoenix (September 5, 2018), FULL COVERAGE: Brett Kavanaugh Senate Confirmation Hearing For Supreme Court Justice Day 2, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FfRflGeTggU&feature=youtu.be&t=1h6m10s, retrieved September 6, 2018
- Flake, Manchin, Murkowski call for FBI probe into Kavanaugh, Senate vote delay. CNN. September 28, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/09/28/politics/kavanaugh-senate-judiciary-vote/index.html. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
- Sampathkumar, Mythili (October 6, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh confirmed to Supreme Court amid widespread outcry over sexual assault allegations". New York. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/brett-kavanaugh-confirmed-supreme-court-justice-senate-donald-trump-christine-blasey-ford-a8572201.html. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
- Kessler, Glenn (September 27, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh and allegations of sexual misconduct: The complete list". Washington post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2018/09/27/brett-kavanaugh-allegations-sexual-misconduct-complete-list/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.1e94a0e3647c. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Brett Kavanaugh confirmation: Kavanaugh testifies following Ford's questioning on sex assault allegations - live updates. CBS. https://www.cbsnews.com/live-news/brett-kavanaugh-hearing-live-testimony-today-after-dr-ford-sexual-assault-allegations-2018-09-27/. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Blake, Aaron (September 27, 2018). Brett Kavanaugh just got remarkably angry — and political — for a Supreme Court nominee. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2018/09/27/brett-kavanaugh-just-got-remarkably-angry-political-supreme-court-nominee/.
- Birnbaum, Emily (September 27, 2018). Kavanaugh says he's victim of 'revenge on behalf of the Clintons'. https://thehill.com/homenews/senate/408821-kavanaugh-says-hes-victim-of-revenge-on-behalf-of-the-clintons.
- Sherman, Carter (September 27, 2018). "Kavanaugh turns rage on left-wing conspiracy that destroyed "my family and my name"". Vice News. https://news.vice.com/amp/en_us/article/7xj44e/kavanaugh-turns-rage-on-left-wing-conspiracy-that-destroyed-my-family-and-my-name.
- Farrow, Ronan; Mayer, Jane (September 23, 2018). Senate Democrats Investigate a New Allegation of Sexual Misconduct, from Brett Kavanaugh's College Years. https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/senate-democrats-investigate-a-new-allegation-of-sexual-misconduct-from-the-supreme-court-nominee-brett-kavanaughs-college-years-deborah-ramirez. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
- Stolberg, Sheryl; Fandos, Nicholas (September 23, 2018). Christine Blasey Ford Reaches Deal to Testify at Kavanaugh Hearing. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/23/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-christine-blasey-ford-testify.html. "The Times had interviewed several dozen people over the past week in an attempt to corroborate her story, and could find no one with firsthand knowledge.".
- Breuninger, Dan Mangan, Kevin (September 26, 2018). New Kavanaugh accuser Julie Swetnick details local house parties where girls allegedly were drugged and raped. CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/09/26/michael-avenatti-identifies-kavanaugh-accuser-as-julie-swetnick.html. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- Detrow, Scott; Mak, Tim; Taylor, Jessica (September 28, 2018), Trump Orders Limited FBI Investigation To Supplement Kavanaugh Background Check, NPR, https://www.npr.org/2018/09/28/652486413/judiciary-committee-set-to-vote-on-kavanaugh-friday-with-eyes-on-undecided-jeff, retrieved September 28, 2018
- "Five things to know about Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh". USA Today. July 9, 2018. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/07/09/supreme-court-nominee-brett-kavanaugh-five-things/770210002. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Sherman, Mark (July 9, 2018). "Who is Judge Brett Kavanaugh? Trump's Supreme Court nominee". The Boston Globe. https://www.boston.com/news/politics/2018/07/09/who-is-judge-brett-kavanaugh. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- Brett Kavanaugh at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Selected Resources on Brett M. Kavanaugh from the Law Library of Congress
- Biography from the Bush White House
- "Resumé". Archived from the original on 2006-01-12. https://web.archive.org/web/20060112175839/http://www.usdoj.gov/olp/kavanaughresume.htm. from the Justice Department's Office of Legal Policy
- Contributor profile from the Federalist Society
- Brett Kavanaugh Attorney Work Files for Independent Counsel Kenneth W. Starr from the National Archives and Records Administration
- Records on Brett M. Kavanaugh from the George W. Bush Presidential Center
- Nomination documents from the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary
- "Judge Brett Kavanaugh & Professor Christine Blasey Ford Testify". C-SPAN. https://www.c-span.org/video/?451895-1/judge-kavanaugh-professor-blasey-ford-testify-sexual-assault-allegations. Retrieved September 27, 2018.