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Bunpō (文保), also romanized as Bumpō, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Shōwa and before Gen'ō. This period started in February 1317 and ended in April 1319. The reigning Emperors were Emperor Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇) and Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).
Events of the Bunpō Era
- 1317 (Bunpō 1, 9th month): Former-Emperor Fushimi died at age 53 years.
- 1318 (Bunpō 2, 2nd month): In the 11th year of Hanazono's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by his cousin, who wsa the second son of former-Emperor Go-Uda. Soon eafter, Emperor Go-Daigo's role as emperor was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1319 (Bunpō 3, 4th month): Emperor Go-Daigo caused the nengō to be changed to Gen'ō to mark the beginning of his reign.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bumpō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 89.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278-281; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 243-244.
- Titsingh, p. 281; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 伏見天皇 (92); retrieved 2012-5-23.
- Titsingh, p. 281; Varley, p. 44; n.b, a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Varley, p. 243.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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