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Buto originally was two cities, Pe and Dep, which merged into one city that the Egyptians named Per-Wadjet. The goddess Wadjet was its local goddess, often represented as a cobra, and she was considered the patron deity of Lower Egypt.
The city was an important site in Ancient Egypt since more than ten thousand years. Archaeological evidence shows that Upper Egyptian culture replaced the Buto-culture at the delta when Upper and Lower Egypt were unified.
- Greek: Βοῦτος, Herod. ii. 59, 63, 155; Βουτώ, Stephanus of Byzantium s. v.
- Herod. ii. 155; Aelian. V. Hist. ii. 41