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Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

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Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Белорусская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Беларуская Савецкая Сацыялістычная Рэспубліка

Flag Coat of arms
Anthem of Byelorussian SSR File:BySSR anthem vocal.ogg
Capital Smolensk, Minsk
Language(s) Belarusian, Russian (...)
Religion Secular state
Government Socialist republic
Head of party
 - 1920–1923 V. Knorinsh (first)
 - 1990–1991 A. Malofeyev (last)
Head of government
 - 1920–1924 A. Chervyakov (first)
 - 1990–1991 V. Kebich (last)
Head of state
 - 1920–1937 A. Chervyakov (first)
 - 1990–1991 M. Dzyemyantsyey (last)
Legislature Congress of Soviets (1920–1938)
Supreme Soviet (1938–1991)
Historical era Russian Civil War, WWII, Cold War
 - Republic declared 31 July 1920
 - Admitted to USSR 30 December 1922
 - Annexation of Western Belarus 15 November 1939
 - UN Membership 24 October 1945
 - Independence 26 December 1991
 - Formalised 25 December 1991
 - 1989 census 603,700 km2 (233,090 sq mi)
 - 1989 census est. 10,199,709 
     Density 16.9 /km2  (43.8 /sq mi)

The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR). In 1922, it was one of the four founding members of the Soviet Union. The other three were the Ukrainian SSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Byelorussia was one of several Soviet republics occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. The BSSR, along with the Ukrainian SSR and the Soviet Union, were founding members of the United Nations Organization (UN) in 1945. The end of the Soviet Republic occurred in 1991. The nation became an independent republic.

The country renamed itself as the Republic of Belarus. In earlier time periods, Western Europeans called Byelorussian territory as White Russia. During its early years in the USSR, the republic was sometimes known as the White Russian Soviet Socialist Republic.