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|ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש yidish/idish/yidish|
|Pronunciation||[ˈjɪdɪʃ] or [ˈɪdɪʃ]|
|Native to||Central, Eastern, and Western Europe|
|Region||Israel, North America, other regions with Jewish populations|
|Native speakers||(1.5 million cited 1986–1991 + half undated)e18|
|Writing system||Hebrew alphabet (Yiddish orthography)|
|Recognised minority language in|
|Regulated by||no formal bodies;|
YIVO de facto
|ISO 639-3||yid – inclusive code|
ydd – Eastern Yiddish
yih – Western Yiddish
|Linguasphere||52-ACB-g = 52-ACB-ga (West) + 52-ACB-gb (East); totalling 11 varieties|
Yiddish is a language used by some Jews. At first, it was a dialect of German that Jews began to use in Europe about 1000 years ago. It was and still is used in the United States, especially in New York City, and other countries that now have Jews.
Most Yiddish words come from German, but many words are also from Hebrew and Slavic languages, especially Polish, and some from French, Hungarian and Latin. Yiddish is written usually by the Hebrew alphabet.
In the world, Yiddish is spoken by about 3 million people, mainly Hasidic Jews.
In the Netherlands and Sweden, Yiddish is protected by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
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|This language has its own Wikipedia project. See the Yiddish edition.|