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An image showing CFC molecules. C is carbon, Cl is chlorine and F is fluorine.
An animation showing colored representation of ozone distribution by year, above North America, through 6 steps. It starts with a lot of ozone especially over Alaska and by 2060 is almost all gone from north to south.
NASA projection of stratospheric ozone, in Dobson units, if chlorofluorocarbons had not been banned.

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) are gases used in refrigerants and aerosols. They contain carbon, (sometimes hydrogen,) chlorine, and fluorine. In 1978, Sweden became the first country that banned CFC products. Later, the US and Canada did the same. Now, CFC products are not allowed in most countries, because they destroy the ozone layer. CFCs also are greenhouse gases, creating a natural-made greenhouse effect. An alternative is hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). These do not destroy the ozone layer or increase global warming.[1][2]

Related pages


  1. John M. Broder (November 9, 2010). "A novel tactic in climate fight". The New York Times: p. A9. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
  2. M. Rossberg et al. Chlorinated hydrocarbons in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a06_233.pub2
Ozone-depleting gas trends

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