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Dennis Gabor

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Dennis Gabor
Dennis Gabor
BornGünszberg Dénes
5 June 1900(1900-06-05)
Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary
Died9 February 1979(1979-02-09) (aged 78)
London, England
CitizenshipHungarian / British
FieldsElectrical engineering Physics
Alma mater
Doctoral studentsEric Ash[source?]
Known for
Notable awards

Dennis Gabor CBE, FRS[1] (/ˈɡɑːbɔrɡəˈbɔr/;[2] Hungarian: Gábor Dénes; 5 June 1900 – 9 February 1979) was a Hungarian-British[3] electrical engineer and physicist, most notable for inventing holography, for which he later received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics.[4][5][6][7][8][9]


While working at British Thomson-Houston that he invented holography, in 1947.He experimented with a heavily filtered mercury arc light source. However, the earliest hologram was only realised in 1964 following the 1960 invention of the laser, the first coherent light source. After this, holography became commercially available.

Personal life

During his time in Rugby, he met Marjorie Louise Butler, and they married in 1936. He became a British citizen in 1946.


  • 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics


  1. Allibone, T. E. (1980). "Dennis Gabor. 5 June 1900 – 9 February 1979". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 26: 106. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1980.0004 . 
  2. "Gabor". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  3. Hubbard, Arthur T. (1995). The Handbook of Surface Imaging and Visualization. CRC Press, Inc.. ISBN 0-8493-8911-9 . 
  4. Ash, Eric A. (1979). "Dennis Gabor, 1900–1979". Nature 280 (5721): 431–433. doi:10.1038/280431a0 . PMID 379651 . 
  5. Gabor, Dennis (1944). The electron microscope : Its development, present performance and future possibilities. London. Template:ISBN missing
  6. Gabor, Dennis (1963). Inventing the Future. London : Secker & Warburg. Template:ISBN missing
  7. Gabor, Dennis (1970). Innovations: Scientific, Technological, and Social. London : Oxford University Press. Template:ISBN missing
  8. Gabor, Dennis (1972). The Mature Society. A View of the Future. London : Secker & Warburg. Template:ISBN missing
  9. Gabor, Dennis; and Colombo, Umberto (1978). Beyond the Age of Waste: A Report to the Club of Rome. Oxford : Pergamon Press. Template:ISBN missing