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|58th United States Secretary of State|
8 May 1980 – 20 January 1981
|Preceded by||Cyrus Vance|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Haig|
|United States Senator |
3 January 1959 – 7 May 1980
|Preceded by||Frederick Payne|
|Succeeded by||George J. Mitchell|
|64th Governor of Maine|
5 January 1955 – 2 January 1959
|Preceded by||Burton M. Cross|
|Succeeded by||Robert N. Haskell|
|Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on the Budget|
3 January 1975 – 8 May 1980
|Succeeded by||Fritz Hollings|
Edmund Sixtus Muskie
28 March 1914
|Died||26 March 1996 (aged 81)|
|Alma mater||Bates College|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
He was the Governor of Maine serving from 1955 to 1959, and a United States Senator from 1959 to 1980. He served as United States Secretary of State from 1980 to 1981 under the Carter administration. President Jimmy Carter gave Muskie the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981.
Muskie graduated from Bates College in 1936. He graduated from Cornell University Law School in 1939. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He served in the Atlantic and Asiatic-Pacific Theaters from 1942 to 1945. 
Muskie was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in the 1968 presidential election. Muskie later ran for President in the 1972 presidential election. After announcing that Muskie had lost, Muskie chocked with anger and began to cry. Afterwards, Muskie refused the fact that he cried at simply said that "melted snow flakes" in eyes and not tears. Muskie later said the reason he cried was that because newspapers insulted his wife.
Muskie held the highest office (Secretary of State) by a Polish American in U.S. history. If Muskie won the Presidential election in 1972, Muskie would have been the first Polish-American President of the United States.
- "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Edmund Muskie". Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs, United States Department of State. http://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/muskie-edmund-sixtus. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Muskie, Edmund Sixtus, (1914 - 1996)". United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m001121. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Remembering Ed Muskie". =PBS.org. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/remember/jan-june96/muskie_03-26.html. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Yes, there's crying in politics". NBC News.com. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/22329566/ns/politics-decision_08/t/yes-theres-crying-politics/. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "EDMUND MUSKIE Biography - Politicians". Findbiography.com. http://www.findbiography.org/polititians/edmund-muskie. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Obituary: Edmund Muskie". Independent.co.uk. 27 March 1996. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-edmund-muskie-1344324.html. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Jane Muskie, 77, widow of Maine senator". Boston.com. http://www.boston.com/news/globe/obituaries/articles/2004/12/30/jane_muskie_77_widow_of_famous_senator/. Retrieved 17 October 2013.