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Fatima Jinnah

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Mother of the Nation
Fatima Jinnah
فاطمہ جناح
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 January 1960 – 9 July 1967
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Nurul Amin
Personal details
Born Fatima Ali Jinnah
30 July 1893(1893-07-30)
Karachi, British India
(now Pakistan)
Died 9 July 1967(1967-07-09) (aged 73)
Karachi, Pakistan
Citizenship Pakistani
Nationality Pakistani
Political party All-India Muslim League (Before 1947)
Muslim League (1947–1958)
Independent (1960–1967)
Relations Muhammad Ali Jinnah (brother)
Shireen Jinnah
Alma mater Calcutta University
Occupation Dental surgeon
Religion Islam

Fatima Jinnah (30 July 1893 – 9 July 1967) was a Pakistani dental surgeon, writer, stateswoman and one of the founders of Pakistan.[1] She was the elder sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah who became the first Governor General of Pakistan.

She was a strong critic of the British Raj, and a leading member of the All-India Muslim League. She advocated the separation of Pakistan as an independent state when the Raj ended.

After the independence of Pakistan, Jinnah co-founded the All Pakistan Women's Association, which helped settle the migrants in the new country. After the death of her brother, she was a prominent philanthropist,[1] but was not politically active until 1965. Then she took part in the Pakistani presidential election against the military Dictator Ayub Khan. She lost the primary because of election rigging by the Pakistan Army.[2]

Her legacy is her support for civil rights, her struggle in Pakistan Movement and her devotion to her brother. Many institutions and public spaces have been named in her honour.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Bokhari, Afshan (2008). The Oxford encyclopedia of women in world history (V 1 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 653. ISBN 978-0-19-514890-9 .
  2. "In brief By Ali Iqbal". Dawn Weekly. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  3. "Death anniversary of Fatima Jinnah tomorrow". Pak Observer. Retrieved 12 February 2012.