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Fianna Fáil




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Leader and PresidentMicheál Martin
Deputy LeaderVacant
General SecretarySeán Dorgan
ChairmanBrendan Smith
Seanad LeaderLisa Chambers
Split fromSinn Féin[1]
Headquarters65–66 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2,
D02 NX40, Ireland
Youth wingÓgra Fianna Fáil
Membership (2020)Increase18,000[2]
Ideology
Political positionCentre[16][17][18] to
centre-right[19][20][21]
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupRenew Europea[›]
Colours      Green
SloganAn Ireland for All
Anthem
"We'll Be There"[22]
Dáil Éireann
37 / 160
Seanad Éireann
20 / 60
European Parliament[nb 1]
2 / 13
Local government in the Republic of Ireland
276 / 949
Website
fiannafail.ie

^ a: Member of the EPD group from 1973 to 1984, the EDA group from 1984 to 1995, the UfE group from 1995 to 1999, the UEN group from 1999 to 2009, and the ALDE group from 2009 to 2014.

Fianna Fáil[23] is an Irish political party. It was founded in 1926 by Éamon DeValera. Its leader is Micheál Martin, who has also been Taoiseach since 2020. It was a faction of Sinn Fein - another Irish political party alongside Fine Gael - before splitting to become its own political party in 1926. Its name is translated from Irish as 'Soldiers of Destiny' but literally means 'Warriors of Fál' (Fál was the name of Ireland in legends). Fianna Fáil does not support the Anglo-Irish treaty, unlike Fine Gael.

The party is part of a coalition government with Fine Gael and the Green Party, with Fianna Fáil being the largest party in the Dáil Éireann.

Presidents/Leaders

There have been eight leaders of the Fianna Fáil since its creation in 1926. They are:

  1. Éamon de Valera, (1926 – 1959)
  2. Seán Lemass, (1959 – 1966)
  3. Jack Lynch, (1966 – 1979)
  4. Charles Haughey, (1979 – 1992)
  5. Albert Reynolds, (1992 – 1994)
  6. Bertie Ahern, (1994 – 2008)
  7. Brian Cowen, (2008 – 2011)
  8. Micháel Martin (2011 onwards)

Youth Wing

The Youth Wing of Fianna Fáil is the Ógra Fianna Fáil, which was created in 1975 to get younger people to vote and support the party.

Notes

  1. Fianna Fáil had two MEPs elected at the 2019 European Parliament election. Barry Andrews, the fourth candidate elected for Dublin, did not take his seat until the UK left the EU and its MEPs vacated their seats on 31 January 2020.

References

  1. "Fianna Fail". UCD.ie. 16 May 1926. http://www.ucd.ie/archives/html/collections/fiannafail.htm. 
  2. Hurley, Sandra (15 June 2020), Selling the deal: Party memberships have final say on government, RTÉ, https://www.rte.ie/news/2020/0614/1147319-government-talks-analysis/, retrieved 15 June 2020 
  3. Lubomír Kopecek; Vít Hloušek (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. p. 157. ISBN 978-1-4094-9977-0 . https://books.google.com/books?id=W3wHffNQ7owC&pg=PA157. 
  4. Oddbjørn Knutsen (2006). Class Voting in Western Europe: A Comparative Longitudinal Study. Lexington Books. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7391-1095-9 . https://books.google.com/books?id=Jx0H8T1LaM8C&pg=PA39. 
  5. T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4 . https://books.google.com/books?id=oX29JQSj_oUC&pg=PA130. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  6. George A. Kourvetaris; Andreas Moschonas (1996). The Impact of European Integration: Political, Sociological, and Economic Changes. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-275-95356-0 . https://books.google.com/books?id=8JXZzr5TJn4C&pg=PA208. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  7. Ian Budge; David Robertson; Derek Hearl (1987). Ideology, Strategy and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-War Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-30648-5 . https://books.google.com/books?id=I63z5nm0f94C&pg=PA137. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Budge, Ian (25 July 2008). "Great Britain and Ireland: Variations in Party Government". In Colomer, Josep M.. Comparative European Politics (3rd ed.). Routledge. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-134-07354-2 . 
  9. Teague, Paul; Donaghey, Jimmy. "Social Partnership and Democratic Legitimacy in Ireland". International Labour and Employment Relations Association. http://www.ilera-directory.org/15thworldcongress/files/papers/Track_4/Thur_W4_DONAGHEY.pdf. 
  10. Quinn, Ben; Johnston, Chris (27 February 2016). "Ireland general election: Irish PM admits his coalition has been rejected – live". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2016/feb/27/ireland-general-election-exit-poll-coalition-fine-gael?page=with:block-56d15d3fe4b0bd5a0524cda5#block-56d15d3fe4b0bd5a0524cda5. "…the possibility of a grand coalition between Ireland’s two centrist, sometimes right-of-centre, Christian democratic parties: Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil.". 
  11. Richard Dunphy (2015). "Ireland". In Donatella M. Viola. Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7 . https://books.google.com/books?id=7stgCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA247. 
  12. O'Loughlin, Michael. "Republicanism still a potent link between Fianna Fáil and Sinn Féin". https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/republicanism-still-a-potent-link-between-fianna-f%C3%A1il-and-sinn-f%C3%A9in-1.4170582?mode=sample&auth-failed=1&pw-origin=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.irishtimes.com%2Fopinion%2Frepublicanism-is-still-the-potent-link-between-fianna-fail-and-sinn-f%25C3%25A9in-1.4170582. 
  13. Marsh, Michael. "Fianna Fáil; History, Policies, & Facts". https://www.britannica.com/topic/Fianna-Fail. 
  14. Hayward, Katy; Fallon, Jonathan (2009). "Fianna Fáil: Tenacious Localism, Tenuous Europeanism". Irish Political Studies 24 (4): 491–509. doi:10.1080/07907180903274784 . 
  15. Routledge Handbook of European Elections. P.247. Chapter author - Richard Dunphy. Book edited by Donatella M. Viola. Published by Routledge in London in 2015.
  16. Fianna Fail on election footing now, says Martin. Irish Independent. Author - Daniel McConnell. Published 1 January 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  17. Micheal Martin to replace Brian Cowen as Fianna Fail leader. The Telegraph. Published 26 January 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  18. Weakened Irish PM faces delicate balancing act. EUobserver. Author - Shona Murray. Published 12 May 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  19. George Taylor; Brendan Flynn (2008). "The Irish Greens". Green Parties in Transition: The End of Grass-roots Democracy?. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7546-7429-0 . https://books.google.com/books?id=BJmqUTBiZ3EC&pg=PA97. 
  20. John Barlow; David Farnham; Sylvia Horton; F.F. Ridley (2016). "Comparing Public Managers". New Public Managers in Europe: Public Servants in Transition. Springer. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-349-13947-7 . https://books.google.com/books?id=UJu-DAAAQBAJ&pg=PA19. 
  21. Titley, Gavan (24 February 2011). Beyond the yin and yang of Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil. London. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/feb/24/fine-gael-fianna-fail-ireland. 
  22. Noel Whelan (2011). A History of Fianna Fáil: The outstanding biography of the party. Gill & Macmillan Ltd. p. 219. ISBN 978-0717147618 . https://books.google.com/books?id=ud_4AwAAQBAJ. Retrieved 1 June 2019. 
  23. Pronounced: Fee-ann-ah Foy-l

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