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Foraging is the act of hunting or gathering food. For example, cattle forage grass to eat. The idea of animals foraging is called forage theory, and was first proposed in 1966.[1][2][3]

Humans that forage are often called hunter-gatherers, who find and eat (wild) animals and plants without domestication of them (people who farm plants are not hunter-gatherers, as they have grown them themselves).


  1. Emlen J. M (1966), "The role of time and energy in food preference", The American Naturalist 100: 611–617, doi:10.1086/282455 , 
  2. Hughes, Roger N, ed. (1989), Behavioural mechanisms of food selection, London & New York, p. v, ISBN 0-387-51762-6  
  3. MacArthur R.H. & Pianka E.R (1966), "On the optimal use of a patchy environment.", The American Naturalist 100 (916): 603–9, doi:10.1086/282454 , JSTOR 2459298