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Formentera is the smallest of the 4 baleraric islands with population.
Geography and population
It is located south of Ibiza (about 10 kilometres), south-west of Mallorca (about 50 kilometres). It's area is 83.24 km² (32.14 sq mi). Formentera has about 7,500 inhabitants. The island was built by vulcano erruptions. It has two high areas in the east and the south and a falt area in between. Main town is Sant Francesc Xavier.
First people, who settled on Formentera, were the Carthaginians, later the Romans came there. Often the island lost its complete population, for example after the Vandals came there. In the middle age Arabs governed the balearic island, then Catalans took over the island, Formentera became part of the new kingdom of Mallorca. Later that kingdom became a part of Spain.