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John Edward Gray

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John Edward Gray
Born12 February 1800(1800-02-12)
Walsall, England
Died7 March 1875(1875-03-07) (aged 75)
InstitutionsBritish Museum

John Edward Gray (12 February 1800–7 March 1875) was a English zoologist. He studied medicine in London, and became head of the Zoological collection in 1840. During his life he wrote over 500 academic papers, mostly on new species.

Gray was also interested in postage stamps; on 1 May 1840, the day the Penny Black first went on sale, he bought some to keep, thus making him the world's first known stamp collector.


  • Illustrations of Indian Zoology (1830-35) (with Thomas Hardwicke)
  • The Zoological Miscellany, to be continued occasionally. London: Published by Treuttel, Wurtz and Co. (1831)
  • Catalogue of shield reptiles (1855 and 1870)


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