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Kagoshima Prefecture

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Kagoshima Prefecture
Japanese: 鹿児島県
Map of Japan with Kagoshima highlighted
Capital Kagoshima
Region Kyushu (Saikaidō)
Island Kyushu
Governor Yūichirō Itō
Area (rank) 9,132.42 km² (10th)
 - % water 0.2%
Population  (December 1, 2010)
 - Population 1,703,406 (24th)
 - Density 186.52 /km²
Districts 8
Municipalities 43
ISO 3166-2 JP-46
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Miyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
 - Tree Camphor laurel
(Cinnamomum camphora)
 - Bird Lidth's Jay (Garrulus lidthi)
 - Fish
Symbol of Kagoshima Prefecture
Symbol of Kagoshima Prefecture
Emblem of Kagoshima Prefecture.svg

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県 Kagoshima-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital city is Kagoshima.[2]


Kagoshima Prefecture is made from the old provinces of Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.[3]

During the Sengoku period and Edo period, Ōsumi was controlled by the Shimazu clan of Satsuma.

This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration. Important historical figures from Kagoshima are Saigo Takamori and Tōgō Heihachirō.[4]



Kagoshima borders Kumamoto Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture. It is in the southern part of Kyushu facing the Pacific Ocean.


National Parks

National Parks are established in about 9% of the total land area of the prefecture.[9]

Shrines and Temples

Kagoshima jinja, Hirasaki jinja and Nitta Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[10]

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima" at p. 447.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. 4.0 4.1 History of Kagoshima; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  5. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  6. History of the Catholic Church in Japan; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  7. Davison, C. "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914," Nature. 98:57-58 (21 September 1916), doi:10.1038/098057b0; Illustrated London News. January 24, 1914; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  8. Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Route; retrieved 2012-2-4.
  9. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  10. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3; retrieved 2012-2-4.

Other websites

Media related to Kagoshima prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 31°24′N 130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517