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Tenbun (天文), also known as Tembun or Temmon, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Kyōroku and before Kōji. This period started in July 1532 and ended in October 1555. During this time, the emperor was Go-Nara-tennō (後奈良天皇).
Events of the Tenbun era
- 1536 (Tenbun 5, 26th day of the 2nd month): Go-Nara was formally established as emperor.
- 1542 (Tenbun 11, 25th day of the 8th month): Imagawa Yoshimoto of Suruga Province lost battle with army of Oda Nobuhide.
- 1543 (Tenbun 12, 25th day of the 8th month): Portuguese ship landed at Tanegashima bringing the first gun into Japan.
- 1543 (Tenbun 13, 7th month): Flooding in Kyoto and nearby areas.
- 1546 (Tenbun 15, 20th day of the 12th month): Ashikaga Yoshiteru became 13th Shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.
- 15 August 1549 (Tenbun 18, 22nd day of the 7th month): Jesuit Catholic priest Francis Xavier arrived in Japan
- 1551 (Tenbun 20): The first mechanical clock was brought to Japan by Xavier; and he gave it to Ouichi Yoshitaka.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tembun" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 956.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Nara Tennō," p. 257; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 372-382.
- Titsingh, p. 374; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Titsingh, p. 376.
- History of Kagoshima; retrieved 2011-12-6.
- Titsingh, p. 377.
- Titsingh, p. 378.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1997). The Cambridge History of Japan: Early Modern Japan, p. 249.
- Catholic Bishops Conference of Japan, "An Overview of the History of the History of the Catholic Church in Japan"; retrieved 2012-4-27.
- Oosterling, Henk. (1996). Time and Temporality in Intercultural Perspective, p. 96.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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