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Kingdom of Great Joseon
조선국 (朝鮮國)[1]
조선왕조 (朝鮮王朝)
Flag of the King of Joseon Royal emblem of Joseon
Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong
Capital Hanseong
Language(s) Korean
Religion Neo-Confucianism (state religion),
Korean Buddhism
Government Monarchy
Historical era Early Modern Period
 - Coup of 1388 May 20, 1388
 - Coronation of Taejo July 17, 1392
 - Promulgation of Hangul October 9, 1446
 - Seven-Year War 1592–1598
 - Manchu invasions 1636–1637
 - Treaty of Ganghwa February 27, 1876
 - Elevation to empire October 12, 1897
 - 1500 [2] est. est. 6,510,000 
 - 1753 [2] est. est. 18,660,000 
Currency Mun, Yang
1Became Emperor of Korea in 1897

Joseon (Korean: 조선; 朝鮮; July 1392 – October 1897) (also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun, Cho-sen), was a Korean state started by Taejo Yi Seong-gye. It began after the end of the Goryeo Dynasty at what is today the city of Kaesong. It ended with the assassination of Empress Myeongseong. Joseon was the last dynasty of Korean history and the longest Confucian dynasty.

Today, some Koreans use the word "Joseon" to mean something bad because they think of the Joseon Dynasty as something that failed. Young Koreans use the expression "Hell Joseon" to talk about how hard it is to find a good job in South Korea today.[3]


  1. Lee, Jun-gyu (이준규) (2009-07-22) (in Korean). (세상사는 이야기) 왜색에 물든 우리 말-(10). Newstown. "1392년부터 1910년까지 한반도 전역을 통치하였던 조선(朝鮮)은 일반적으로 조선 왕조(朝鮮王朝)라 칭하였으며, 어보(御寶), 국서(國書) 등에도 대조선국(大朝鮮國)이라는 명칭을 사용하였었다. (translation) Joseon which had ruled from 1392 to 1910 was commonly referred to as "Joseon Dynasty" while "Kingdom of Joseon" was used in the Royal Seal, national documents and others.". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 아틀라스 한국사 편찬위원회 (2004). 아틀라스한국사. 사계절. p. 108. ISBN 89-5828-032-8 . 
  3. Mike Williams. A hope in hell: Why do young people in South Korea refer to their country as hell? The answer depends on who you ask.. ABC. Retrieved August 16, 2020.