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|raja shri krishnadeva raya|
|King of Vijayanagara Empire|
A bronze statue of Emperor Krishnadevaraya
|Reign||July 26 1509 - 1529|
|Titles||Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana, Mooru Rayaraganda, Andhra Bhoja.|
|Successor||Achyuta Deva Raya|
Sri Krishnadevaraya (Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ, Telugu: శ్రీకృష్ణదేవరాయలు, 1509-1529 CE) was the most famous king of Vijayanagara Empire. He ruled the Vijayangara empire at the most important time. He is considered to be one of the great kings of India. Emperor Krishnadevaraya also earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana (ಕನ್ನಡರಾಜ್ಯರಮಾರಮಣ), Moorurayaraganda (ಮೂರುರಾಯರಗಂಡ) (what means King of three kings) and Andhra Bhoja (ఆంధ్రభోజ). Much of our information about his reign comes from the accounts of Portuguese travelers Domingos Paes and Nuniz.
Paes describes the king's attitude to law and order by the sentence, "The king maintains the law by killing." Offences against property (designed to maintain stability) and for murder ranged from cutting of a foot and hand for theft and beheading for murder (except for those occurring as a result of duel). Paes could not estimate the size of Vijaynagar as his view was obscured by the hills but estimated the city to be at least as large as Rome. Furthermore, he considered Vijaynagar to be "the best provided city in the world" with a population of not less than a half a million.
Paes praises Krishnadevaraya as, “the most feared and perfect King… a great ruler and a man of much justice”.
The rule of Krishnadevaraya was an age of good literature in many languages. But it is known as a golden age of Telugu literature. Many Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada and Tamil poets enjoyed the patronage of the emperor. Emperor Krishnadevaraya was fluent in many languages.
- Smith, Vincent, Oxford History of India, Fourth Edition, pgs. 306-307, and 312-313.
- Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise history of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002).
- Prof K.A. Nilakanta Sastri, History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, 1955, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002)
- The Golden Era of Telugu Literature from the Vepachedu Educational Foundation
- (Krishnadevaraya's complex at Tirupati)
- Statutes of Krishnadevaraya and his wives at Tirupati.
- http://www.vijayanagaracoins.com/htm/krishna.htm (gold coins during his reign.)
- Hampi - History and Tourism
- Incredible India Hampi Guide
- A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar): a contribution to the history of India (Translation of the "Chronica dos reis de Bisnaga" written by Domingos Paes and Fernão Nunes about 1520 and 1535, respectively, with a historical introduction by Robert Sewell).available freely at Project Gutenberg
Achyuta Deva Raya