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Sri Krishnadevaraya
King of Vijayanagara Empire
Reign July 26 1509 - 1529
Kannada ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ
Telugu శ్రీ కృష్ణదేవరాయ
Titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana, Mooru Rayaraganda, Andhra Bhoja.
Born 1509
Birthplace Hampi,ballary, Karnataka
Died 1529
Predecessor Viranarasimha Raya
Successor Achyuta Deva Raya
Consort Chinnambike, Thirumalambike
Dynasty Tuluva Dynasty
Father Narasa Nayaka
Mother Nagala Devi
Map of Vijayanagara empire

Sri Krishnadevaraya (Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ, Telugu: శ్రీకృష్ణదేవరాయ, 1509-1529 CE) was the most famous king of Vijayanagara Empire. He ruled this empire at the time when it was most important. He is considered to be one of the great kings of India. Emperor Krishnadevaraya also earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana (ಕನ್ನಡರಾಜ್ಯರಮಾರಮಣ), Moorurayaraganda (ಮೂರುರಾಯರಗಂಡ) (what means King of three kings) and Andhra Bhoja (ఆంధ్రభోజ). Much of our information about his reign comes from the accounts of Portuguese travelers Domingos Paes and Nuniz.

Paes describes the king's attitude to law and order by the sentence, "The king maintains the law by killing." Offences against property (designed to maintain stability) and for murder ranged from cutting of a foot and hand for theft and beheading for murder (except for those occurring as a result of duel). Paes could not estimate the size of Vijaynagar as his view was obscured by the hills but estimated the city to be at least as large as Rome. Furthermore, he considered Vijaynagar to be "the best provided city in the world" with a population of not less than a half a million.

Paes praises Krishnadevaraya as, “the most feared and perfect King… a great ruler and a man of much justice”.

The rule of Krishnadevaraya was an age of good literature in many languages. But it is known as a golden age of Telugu literature. Many Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada and Tamil poets enjoyed the patronage of the emperor. Emperor Krishnadevaraya was fluent in many languages.

Vijayanagara royal insignia


  • Smith, Vincent, Oxford History of India, Fourth Edition, pgs. 306-307, and 312-313.
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise history of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002).
  • Prof K.A. Nilakanta Sastri, History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, 1955, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002)

Other websites

Preceded by
Viranarasimha Raya
Vijayanagara empire
Succeeded by
Achyuta Deva Raya