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|Town subdivisions||14 districts|
|Lord Mayor||Ulrich Mädge (SPD)|
|Area||70.34 km2 (27.16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|Population||72,057 (31 December 2006)|
|- Density||1,024 /km2 (2,653 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Location of the town of Lüneburg within Lüneburg district|
In medieval times the town was very rich due to the salt trade. Salt used to be transported along the Old Salt Route to the Baltic Sea from where it was sent by ship to other countries. There were salt mines near the town for a thousand years. Salt mining stopped in 1980. The salt mining caused a lot of deforestation. The countryside changed into heathland which is called the Lüneburger Heide (Lüneburg Heath).
On May 23, 1945 the Nazi war criminal Heinrich Himmler committed suicide in Lüneburg after he had been captured by the British Army. He swallowed a potassium cyanide capsule before his interrogation could begin.