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Kingdom of Lesotho
Muso oa Lesotho
and largest city
|Demonym(s)||Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy|
• from the United Kingdom
|October 4, 1966|
|30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi) (140th)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
• 2004 census
|68.1/km2 (176.4/sq mi) (138th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2010)|| 0.427|
low · 141st
|Currency||Lesotho loti (LSL)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|ISO 3166 code||LS|
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
Lesotho has no coast on the sea nor on a lake. This type of country is called landlocked, meaning it is surrounded by land. All of Lesotho's trade must either be flown in by aeroplane, or brought in by land. Lesotho position is unusual: it is completely surrounded by the country of South Africa and has no borders with any other country. This type of country is called an enclave. Enclave countries are very rare, but Lesotho is one (there are only two other countries like this, San Marino and the Vatican City). This makes Lesotho's relationship with South Africa very important to them both.
Lesotho has many mountains and is one of the most mountainous countries in the world. All of Lesotho is at least 1,400 m above sea level. People sometimes travel there to ski in winter. The many mountains in Lesotho mean that it rains there a lot. Lesotho uses some of its water to generate electricity and sells some of the water to South Africa.
Lesotho became a country in 1818, but it was then called Basutoland. A man called Moshoeshoe brought several of the groups of people in the area together and formed a new country with him as its king. This new country came under attack from its enemies and in 1868 Moshoeshoe asked Queen Victoria of Great Britain for help. Great Britain said it would help if Lesotho became part of the British Empire.
|Cities in Lesotho|
|Census 1986||Census 1996||Estimate 2005|
|5.||Mohale's Hoek||7,899||17,871||40,514||Mohale's Hoek|
|7.||Qacha's Nek||4,589||4,797||25,573||Qacha's Nek|
- "Lesotho". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=666&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=40&pr.y=12. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 15 October 2009.