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Manuel Noriega

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Manuel Noriega
Mugshot of Noriega, after his surrender (1990)
Maximum Leader of National Liberation[1]
In office
December 15, 1983 – December 20, 1989
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Military Leader of Panama
In office
August 12, 1983 – December 15, 1989
President Ricardo de la Espriella
Jorge Illueca
Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
Eric Arturo Delvalle
Manuel Solís
Francisco Rodríguez
Preceded by Rubén Darío Paredes
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born February 11, 1934 (1934-02-11) (age 85)
Panama City, Panamá
Republic of Panama
Alma mater Chorrillos Military School
School of the Americas

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno[2] (born 11 February 1938) is a Panamainian former politician and soldier.

Noriega went to high school and had a career in the army. He was the de facto ruler of Panama between 12 August 1983 and 20 December 1989.[3] In 1992, an United States court convicted him of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering. Noriega served a prison sentence in the US, which ended in 2007.[4] He was then extradited to France, where he served another sentence.

A conditional release was given to him on September 23, 2011. Noriega was sent to Panama to serve 20 years. He arrived in Panama on December 11, 2011.[5]


  1. Eytan Gilboa, "The Panama Invasion Revisited: Lessons for the Use of Force in the Post Cold War Era," Political Science Quarterly, (v110 n4), p539. "[1]." Retrieved on July 1, 2011
  2. Boyd Marciacq, Carmen. "29, 2007&idnews=33933 Noriega: el dictador." El Siglo. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  3. Serrill, Michael S. (January 24, 2001). "Panama Noriega's Money Machine". Time.,9171,1101880222-148712,00.html.
  4. "Extradition fight halts former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega's release from US prison". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. September 9, 2007.
  5. Serrill, Michael S. (December 11, 2011). "Manuel Noriega extraditado a Panamá desde Francia". Impre.