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Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily




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Maria Cristina
Queen consort of Sardinia
Tenure 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831
Spouse Charles Felix of Sardinia
Full name
Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa di Borbone
House House of Savoy
House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Mother Maria Carolina of Austria
Born 17 January 1779(1779-01-17)
Caserta Palace, Naples
Died 11 March 1849(1849-03-11) (aged 70)
Savona, Piedmont
Burial Royal Basilica of Superga, Turin
Religion Roman Catholic

Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa; 17 January 1779 – 11 March 1849) was a Princess of Naples and Sicily and later Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Felix of Sardinia.

Princess of Naples and Sicily

She was a daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria, a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Her (younger) twin sister Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died of smallpox in 1783, aged five, a week after their brother Prince Giuseppe died. She was her mother's favourite child.

Duchess of Genevois

She was married on 6 April 1807 in Palermo with Prince Charles Felix of Savoy, who became King unexpectedly, when his two elder brothers abdicated, Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia in 1802 and Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia in 1821. Till her husband became king, she was styled as the Duchess of Genevois.

Queen of Sardinia

The royal couple were interested in the arts and artists, and turned the Royal House in Agliè and the Villa Rufinella in Frascati into comfortable residences.

During her husband's reign, they resided at the Palazzo Chiablese, where her husband died in 1831.

In 1825, the Queen engaged the archaeologist Marquess Luigi Biondi (1776–1839), whose excavation work uncovered Tusculum. In 1839 and 1840, the architect and archaeologist Luigi Canina (1795–1856) was engaged by the royal family and excavated the Theatre area of Tusculum. The ancient works of art excavated were sent to the Duke of Savoy's Castle of Agliè in Piedmont.

Charles Felix died in 1831 after a reign of ten years. Maria Cristina lived the rest of her life in Turin, Naples, Agliè and Frascati, and died in Savona, Liguria. She was buried beside her husband in the Basilica of Superga, Great Mausoleum, Savoy Crypt, Turin, Piedmont, Italy. The couple had no children.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 17 January 1779 – 6 April 1807 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
  • 6 April 1807 – 12 March 1821 Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genevois
  • 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831 Her Majesty the Queen of Sardinia
  • 27 April 1831 – 11 March 1849 Her Majesty the Dowager Queen of Sardinia

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Louis, Grand Dauphin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Philip V of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles III of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Elisabeth Farnese
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Augustus II of Poland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Augustus III of Poland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Maria Amalia of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Maria Josepha of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Eleonora Maria of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Maria Carolina of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Eleonor Magdalene of the Palatinate-Neuburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Maria Theresa of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 

Other websites

Media related to Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily at Wikimedia Commons

References and notes