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# Minas Gerais

 Flag Coat of arms
Motto(s):
Location of State of Minas Gerais in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W﻿ / ﻿19.817°S 43.950°W
Country Brazil
Capital and Largest CityBelo Horizonte
Government
• GovernorRomeu Zema (Novo)
Area
• Total586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)
Area rank4th
Population
(2012)[1]
• Total19,855,332
• Rank2nd
• Density33.8523006/km2 (87.6770561/sq mi)
• Density rank14th
GDP
• Year2006 estimate
• TotalR$214,814,000,000 (3rd) • Per capitaR$ 11,028 (10th)
HDI
• Year2005
• Category0.800 – high (9th)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
• Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal Code
30000-000 to 39990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MG
Websitemg.gov.br

Minas Gerais (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈminɐs ʒeˈɾajs]) is one of the 26 states of Brazil. It has the second highest number of people. It has the fourth largest area. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, near the center of the state. The name means "General mines". Minas Gerais was formed mainly by colonists searching for gold, gemstones and diamonds.

## Location

Minas Gerais is in the west of the southeastern part of Brazil. That area also has the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. Minas Gerais shares borders with Bahia and Goiás (north), Mato Grosso do Sul (far west), the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (south) and the state of Espírito Santo (east). It also shares a short border with the Brazilian Federal District.

## Cities

Even though it is not the largest state in Brazil, Minas Gerais is the state with the most cities. Of the more than 5,500 municipalities in Brazil, Minas has more than 850 of them. The most important ones are the capital Belo Horizonte, Contagem, Betim, Juiz de Fora, Montes Claros, Uberlândia and Ouro Preto.

## References

 States of Brazil Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins Federal District: Brazilian Federal District