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# Mato Grosso do Sul

 Flag Coat of arms
Location of State of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil
Country Brazil
Capital and Largest CityCampo Grande
Government
• GovernorAndré Puccinelli
• Vice GovernorSimone Tebet
Area
• Total357,124.962 km2 (137,886.719 sq mi)
Area rank6th
Population
(2012)[1]
• Total2,505,088
• Rank21st
• Density7.0145979/km2 (18.167725/sq mi)
• Density rank20th
GDP
• Year2010 estimate
• TotalR$38.484,74 (17th) • Per capitaR$ 10,599 (11th)
HDI
• Year2005
• Category0.810 – high (8th)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BRT-1)
• Summer (DST)UTC-3 (BRST-1)
Postal Code
79000-000 to 79990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MS
Websitems.gov.br

Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the states of Brazil. It shares borders with the states of Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay and Bolivia to the west. Campo Grande is the capital of the state

Mato Grosso do Sul means "Southern Thick Forest". The name comes from its northern neighbour state of Mato Grosso. Mato Grosso do Sul was a part of Mato Grosso until they were split in the 1970s. Many people wrongly refer to Mato Grosso do Sul as simply "Mato Grosso". This has caused the government to consider changing its name to "Pantanal", the world's largest wetlands which is in the state.

## Economy

Mato Grosso do Sul's economy is based mainly on farm products. Cattle-raising is the most important product of the state. Other products include sugarcane, wheat, soybeans, manioc, rice and cotton.

## Geography

The state is located in western Brazil, in an area of the country that is mostly marshes of the Pantanal.[2]

Mato Grosso do Sul is divided into 11 regions. It has 78 municipalities. Larger cities include:

The highest elevation is the 1,065 m high Morro Grande.

## History

In 1977 the state was created by dividing the state of Mato Grosso. It officially became a state two years later on January 1, 1979.

## Flag

Mato Grosso do Sul's flag was made by Mauro Michael Munhoz. White is for hope, green is for the state's plantlife, blue is for the sky and the yellow star adds balance, force and serenity.

## References

1. [1]
2. "Pantanal in South America declared ”Threatened Lake of the Year 2007“". Ramsar Convention Secretariat. february 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-24.

## Other websites

 States of Brazil Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins Federal District: Brazilian Federal District