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|Einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum)|
Wheat is a kind of plant. Its seeds are a type of cereal grain that people can eat. It is used to make many things, like bread and pasta, by first turning it into flour. It can also be fermented to make beer, alcohol, vodka, or biofuel. The grass plant comes from the Middle East.
An allergy to wheat can cause coeliac disease, which makes the sufferer have diarrhoea if they eat any food containing wheat.
The wheat plant has long, slender leaves, stems that are hollow in most types of wheat plants, and heads that have many kinds of flowers, from 20 to 100. The flowers are grouped together in spikelets. Each spikelet has two to six flowers. In most spikelets, two or three of the flowers become fertilized, and this makes them produce the grains used for food.
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- "wheat (plant) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/641558/wheat. Retrieved 29 April 2010.