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Mongolian language

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Монгол (Mongol)
Monggol.svg (Mongɣol)
Native toMongolia, China, People's Republic of, Kyrgyzstan, Russia
RegionAll of Mongolia, Buryatia in Russia, Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, and Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces in China
Native speakers5.7 million  (date missing)
Language family
  • Mongolian
Language codes
ISO 639-1mn
ISO 639-2mon
ISO 639-3mon

The Mongolian language ( Monggol kele.svg, Mongɣol kele, Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel) is the best-known member of the Mongolic language family and the language of most of the residents of Mongolia, where it is officially written with the Cyrillic alphabet and of around three million Mongolian speakers in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, where it is officially written with the traditional Mongolian script. It is also spoken in some areas in the Russian Far East and Kyrgyzstan. The majority of speakers in Mongolia speak the Khalkha (or Halh) dialect, while those in China speak one of many Inner Mongolian dialects.


  • Janhunen, Juha (ed.) (2003): The Mongolic languages. London: Routledge.

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