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Nihonbashi (日本橋, literally Japan Bridge), also romanized as Nihombashi, is a business district of Chūō in Tokyo, Japan. The district grew up around the bridge of the same name. The bridge connects two sides of the Nihonbashi River. A series of bridges at the same site have had the same name since the 17th century.
In the Edo period, the Nihonbashi Bridge was the start of Tōkaidō road which connected Edo and Kyoto. The earliest Nihonbashi Bridge was made of wood. It was completed in 1603. The current bridge is made of stone. It was completed in 1911.
- 1603 (Keichō 8): Wooden bridge built.
- 1605 (Keichō 10): The first official map of Japan was ordered with distances measured from Nihonbashi.
- 1911 (Meiji 44): Bridge was re-built using stone.
- Chuo City Tourist Association, "Nihonbashi"; retrieved 2012-3-25.
- Richie, Donald. (1994). Introducing Tokyo, p. 15.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tōkaidō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 973.
- "100 Landscapes of Heisei announced," Yomiuri Shimbun. May 2009; retrieved 2012-3-30.
- Traganeou, Jilly. (2004). The Tokaido Road: Traveling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan, p. 230.