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Pune (former name: Poona) is the 8th largest metropolis in India. It is in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city is famous for the great Maratha king Shivaji Maharaj. The game of badminton was invented there in the 19th century. It is also the birthplace of spiritual teacher Meher Baba. Mula and Mutha are the two rivers that flow through the city. It has also been referred to as the "Queen of the Deccan", "Oxford of the East", "Detroit of India" by some. It has a major Information Technology (IT) center. This city is managed by the Pune Municipal Council (PMC). Pune is a city of knowledge and often known as the Oxford of the east. In Marathi, it is known as vidyeche maherghar which means, the hometown of education. Till 2012, the population of Pune was 5,976,041. 
- Pune Metro Area Population. World Gazetteer. Retrieved 7 July 2012.