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Beatrix of the Netherlands

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Queen of the Netherlands

Queen Beatrix (28 January 2013)
Queen Beatrix (28 January 2013)
Reign 30 April 1980 – 30 April 2013
Inauguration 30 April 1980
Predecessor Juliana
Prime Ministers
Heir apparent Willem-Alexander
Spouse Claus von Amsberg
Prince Johan-Friso
Prince Constantijn
Full name
Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau
House Orange-Nassau
Father Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands
Mother Juliana of the Netherlands
Born (1938-01-31) 31 January 1938 (age 83)
Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands

Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard; born 31 January 1938[1]) is the former Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. She reigned from 1980 to 2013.

Beatrix is the eldest daughter of Queen Juliana and her husband, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[2] In 1948, she became heiress presumptive to the throne of the Netherlands. Her mother abdicated (gave up) the throne on 30 April 1980. Beatrix succeeded her as queen.

In January 2013, Beatrix announced that she would abdicate on 30 April 2013.[3] This day is known as Koninginnedag (Queen's Day). Her eldest son, Willem-Alexander, succeeded to the throne as King.[3] He is the first King of the Netherlands in 123 years.[4]

Since her abdication, she is called Princess Beatrix.


Beatrix was married to Claus von Amsberg, who died in 2002. Her sons are King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau and Prince Constantijn.

Her second son, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, died on 12 August 2013. He had been in a coma for more than a year because of a skiing accident in Austria in February 2012.

Her younger sister Christina died of bone cancer on 16 August 2019.


Beatrix of the Netherlands' ancestors in three generations
Beatrix of the Netherlands Father:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal grandfather:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal great-grandfather:
Count Ernst of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal great-grandmother:
Countess Caroline of Wartensleben
Paternal grandmother:
Baroness Armgard of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal great-grandfather:
Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal great-grandmother:
Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff
Juliana of the Netherlands
Maternal grandfather:
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal great-grandfather:
Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal great-grandmother:
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Maternal grandmother:
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Maternal great-grandfather:
William III of the Netherlands
Maternal great-grandmother:
Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont