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Roman Herzog

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Roman Herzog
President of Germany
In office
1 July 1994 – 30 June 1999
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Gerhard Schröder
Preceded by Richard von Weizsäcker
Succeeded by Johannes Rau
President of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
In office
16 November 1987 – 30 June 1994
Preceded by Wolfgang Zeidler
Succeeded by Jutta Limbach
Personal details
Born 5 April 1934(1934-04-05)
Landshut, Germany
Died 10 January 2017(2017-01-10) (aged 82)
Bad Mergentheim, Germany
Nationality German
Political party CDU
Spouse(s) Christiane Krauß (m. 1959–2000) «start: (1959)–end+1: (2001)»"Marriage: Christiane Krauß to Roman Herzog" Location: (linkback: (her death)
Alexandra Freifrau von Berlichingen (m. 2001–2017) «start: (2001)–end+1: (2018)»"Marriage: Alexandra Freifrau von Berlichingen to Roman Herzog" Location: (linkback: (his death)

Roman Herzog (5 April 1934 – 10 January 2017) was a German politician (CDU). He was President of Germany from 1994 to 1999.

Early life

He studied law in Munich, Bavaria and took the first stage law exam in 1957. In 1958, he gained the title Dr.jur. (doctor of laws) and worked in the University of Munich until 1964, where he passed his second law exam. He wrote Die Wesensmerkmale der Staatsorganisation in rechtlicher und entwicklungsgeschichtlicher Sicht ("Characteristics of State Organization from a Juristic and Developmental-Historical Viewpoint"), and was given the title of professor in 1964.

In Germany "professor" is a title meaning senior teacher, not a job name. Herzog taught at the University of Munich until 1966. From 1966 he taught state law and political science as a full professor at the Free University of Berlin (FUB). In 1969 he moved to the FUB in Speyer, and was the University President from 1971 to 1972.

Political career

In 1973 he entered politics, and became a member of the Bundesrat for Rhineland-Palatinate. He was minister for culture and sports in the Baden-Württemberg Land Government from 1978. In 1980 he was elected to the State Parliament (Landtag), and took over the state Ministry of the Interior.

Herzog was also always active in the Protestant Church. Since 1982 he had been a member of the synod (parliament) of the Protestant Church of Germany. He had been a member of the Evangelical Church in Germany since 1972.[1]

In 1983 he became vice president of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany in Karlsruhe, and president over from 1987 to 1994, when he was elected President of Germany by the Bundesversammlung (Federal Convention). His term ended in 1999, when he was succeeded by Johannes Rau.

Personal life

His wife, Christiane Herzog, died on 19 June 2000. He later married Alexandra Freifrau von Berlichingen in 2001.

Herzog died at 82 years old on 10 January 2017 in Jagsthausen, Germany.[2]


  1. Roman Herzog – Die Biographie, Werner Filmer, Heribert Schwan, 1996, Goldmann
  2. The New York Times

Other websites

Media related to Roman Herzog at Wikimedia Commons