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Red-crowned Crane

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Red-crowned Crane
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Gruidae
Genus: Grus
Species: G. japonensis
Binomial name
Grus japonensis
(Statius Muller, 1776

The Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis), also called the Japanese Crane or Manchurian Crane, is a large crane. It is the second rarest crane in the world after the North American Whooping Crane.[1] In East Asia, it is known as a symbol of luck and fidelity.[1] At 55 inches high, the crane does not make easy prey, for all that it stands out in its natural habitat of marshes and swamps. When it matures, the Red-crowned Crane is snow white with a patch of red skin on its head.


In the spring and summer, the Red-crowned Crane lives in Siberia, where their eggs hatch. Normally the crane lays two eggs, but usually only one chick survives.[1] Later, in the autumn, it migrates in flocks to Korea, Japan, China, Taiwan, and other countries in East Asia to spend the winter. All Red-crowned Cranes migrate, except for a flock that stays in Hokkaido, year long.[1]


The crane eats small amphibians, aquatic invertebrates, insects, and plants that grow in marshes and swamps.