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Rift (geology)

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Further information: Plate tectonics
Plates in the crust of the earth (plate tectonics theory)

In geology, a rift is caused by tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere moving apart. Rifts are usually accompanied by orogeny (mountain building), volcanoes and earthquakes.[1][2] The Great Rift Valley in East Africa is an example.


  1. Decompressional Melting During Extension of Continental Lithosphere
  2. Plate Tectonics: Lecture 2