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# Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport

Ronald Reagan
Washington National Airport
IATA: DCAICAO: KDCAFAA LID: DCA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority
Operator Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority
Serves Washington Metropolitan Area
Location Arlington County, Virginia
Elevation AMSL 15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates
Website http://mwaa.com/reagan/reagan.htm
Maps
FAA airport diagram
DCA
Location within Virginia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
1/19 6,869 2,094 Asphalt
4/22 4,911 1,497 Asphalt
15/33 5,204 1,586 Asphalt

Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (IATA: DCAICAO: KDCAFAA LID: DCA) is an airport near Washington, D.C.. It is in Arlington County, Virginia.[1] It is the commercial airport closest to Washington, D.C. The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) is in control of the airport. It is named after 40th President of the United States Ronald Reagan.

Flights into and out of DCA cannot be longer than 1,250 miles (2,010 km). This rule is used to limit the number of aircraft over Washington. It causes most of the air traffic to be sent to the Washington Dulles International Airport which is larger and further from the city. There are some exceptions to this rule. In 2010, the airport served about 18.1 million passengers.[2] Reagan National is a focus city for US Airways. They are the airport's largest carrier. The US Airways Shuttle has air shuttle service to LaGuardia Airport in New York City and Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. Delta Air Lines' Delta Shuttle also has air shuttle service to LaGuardia. These shuttle flights leave Reagan International about once an hour.

## History

Hoover Field was the first major terminal in the Washington area. It was near where the Pentagon is now. It opened in 1926. The airport had one runway. It crossed a local street. People were needed to stop automobile traffic during take-offs and landings. The next year, Washington Airport was opened next to it. It was another privately operated field.[3] In 1930, the economics of the Great Depression caused the two terminals to join to form Washington-Hoover Airport. The field was not very good. On one side of it was U.S. Route 1. This was a large highway which had electrical wires along it. There was also a smokestack that was in the way to one of the runways. A dump was also very close to the airport.

## Airlines

### Passenger service

Destinations with non-stop service from the airport.
An American Eagle ERJ outbound from the airport (2006)

## Accidents

File:Wreckage of Air Florida Flight 90 being removed from Potomac River (1982-01-19).jpg
Air Florida Flight 90 wreckage being removed from the Potomac River (January 19, 1982).

### Air Florida Flight 90

On the afternoon of January 13, 1982,[12] after some very cold weather and a morning of blizzard conditions, Air Florida Flight 90 crashed on take-off. It had been waiting forty-nine minutes on a taxiway and took off with ice and snow on the wings. The Boeing 737 aircraft could not gain altitude. Less than 1 mile (1.6 km) from the end of the runway, the airplane hit the 14th Street Bridge. It cut off the tops off vehicles and fell through the 1 inch-thick (25 mm) ice covering the Potomac River. The weather and traffic caused problems with helping the people on the plane. With the help of people in the cars, a United States Park Service police helicopter crew, and one of the plane's passengers who later died, five people on the plane were saved. The other 74 people on the plane died. Four people in the vehicles on the bridge also died.

## References

1. "Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) Air Traffic Statistics". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
2. "History". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
3. Feaver, Douglas B. (July 16, 1997). "Years of Deal-Making Enabled Change From 'Disgrace' to Showplace". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
4. "History of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
5. "Metropolitan Washington Airports Act of 1986", Public Law No. 99-500, Section 6001
6. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority v. Citizens for the Abatement of Aircraft Noise, Inc., 501 U.S. 252 (1991).
7. This can be seen by Congress's making laws to control the amount of flights in and out of National Airport. It is also seen in laws about the size of the airport and limits on flights.
8. Layton, Lyndsey (April 21, 2001). "Riders rail at cost of 'Reagan' Metro stop". The Washington Post: p. B2.
9. Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 258. .
10. LunchTalk Online transcript, June 17, 2005
11. "We're Going Down, Larry". Time 119 (007): 21. February 15, 1982. Retrieved 2011-03-24.

This article uses public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.