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Scythia-Parthia 100 BC.png
Approximate extent of East Iranian languages the 1st century BC is shown in orange.
Total population


Regions with significant populations
Eastern Europe
Central Asia
West Asia
Northern India
Scythian language
Related ethnic groups

The Scythians or Scyths.[1] Scyths are pronounced /'sɪθs/. The Scythians were an Iranian speaking people who were nomadic and famous for their skills at horse riding.[2][3] who dominated the Pontic steppe (modern Ukraine and Southern Russia) throughout Classical Antiquity. By Late Antiquity the closely-related Sarmatians Tribe came to dominate the Scyths in this area. Much of our information about the Scyths comes from the famous Greek historian Herodotus (c. 440 BC) in his Histories, and from archaeologically from the beautiful goldwork found in Scythian burial mounds (Burial mounds) in Ukraine and Southern Russia.


  1. Scythians are pronounced /'sɪθɪən/ or /'sɪðɪən/
  2. Scythian, member of a nomadic people originally of Iranian people who migrated from Central Asia to southern Russia in the 8th and 7th centuries BC - The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition - Micropaedia on "Scythian", 10:576
  3. Scythian mummy shown in Germany, BBC News