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Shaheen Falcon

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Shaheen Falcon
Territorial bird of GB, Symbol of PAF
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Falco peregrinus peregrinator

The Shaheen Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator) is also known as the Indian Peregrine Falcon,[2] Other names are the Black Shaheen, Pakistani Shaheen, or simply the Shaheen.[3]

It is a non-migratory subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon found mainly in hilly and mountainous regions of the Indian subcontinent and the nearby island of Sri Lanka.[4] In Pakistani literature, the Shaheen has a special association with the poetry of the country's national poet, Allama Muhammad Iqbal. The Pakistan Air Force has as a symbol and in Gilgit-Baltistan it is the unofficial bird of the region.


  1. Gehan de Silva Wijeratne; Deepal Warakagoda & T.S.U. de Zylva (2007). "Species description". A Photographic Guide to Birds of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. p. 37. ISBN 978 1 85974 511 3 . 
  2. Manjula Vijesundara (2007). Sinhala Kurulu Vishvakoshaya (Sinhala Bird Encyclopaedia) - Part 1. Suriya Publishers. p. 278. ISBN 955 8892 94 7 . 
  3. The shaheen (شاهین) of Arabic and Persian writers are usually Barbary Falcons; those in Indian (शाहीन) and Pakistani (شاہین) sources normally refer to peregrinator.
  4. Döttlinger, Hermann; & Nicholls, Mike (2005). "Distribution and population trends of the ‘black shaheen’ Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus peregrinator and the eastern Peregrine Falcon F. p. calidus in Sri Lanka". Forktail 21: 133–138.