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National Assembly Square in central Sofia Eagles' Bridge detail


Coat of arms
Motto: Расте, но не старее
(Grows but Does not Age)[1]
Sofia is located in Bulgaria
Position of Sofia in Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.333°E / 42.7; 23.333Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.333°E / 42.7; 23.333
Country  Bulgaria
Province Sofia-Capital
Settled by Thracians 7th century BC
 • Mayor of Sofia Yordanka Fandakova (GERB)
 • City 1.349 km2 (0.521 sq mi)
Elevation 550 m (1,800 ft)
Population (Census 2011 (City and Urban),
Forecast for 2012 (Metro)[2])
 • City 1,270,284
 • Density 944/km2 (2,440/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,359,520
 • Metro 1,380,000 (Metro area)
1,495,000 (Metro region)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 1000
Area code(s) (+359) 02

Sofia is the capital and the largest city of Republic of Bulgaria. It has 1,246,791 people. It is the 15th largest city of the European Union.[3] Sofia is in the west of Bulgaria.

Sofia is one of the oldest capital cities in Europe; the history of Sofia dates back to the 8th century BC.

Many of the major universities, cultural institutions, and businesses of Bulgaria are concentrated in Sofia.


  1. "Sofia Trough Centuries". Sofia Municipality. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  2. Sofia Master Plan, Sofia Metro Area - 1,280,000 in 2001 and 1,450,000 in 2020, equal to 1,378,000 in 2012; Sofia Metro Region - 1,435,000 in 2001 and 1,540,000 in 2020, equal to 1,495,000 in 2012
  3. "Population table by permanent and present address as of 12 June 2006" (in Bulgarian). Head Direction of Residential Registration and Administrative Service. Retrieved 2006-06-15.

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