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Syrian Army

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Syrian Arab Army
الجيش العربي السوري
Flag of the Syrian Arab Army.svg
Syrian Arab Army Flag
Active1 August 1945[1]
1971 (current form)
Country Syria
RoleLand warfare
Sizeestimated 100,000 (2019)[2]
Military age: 18
Part ofSyrian Armed Forces
Motto(s)"حماة الديار" (Guardians of the Homeland)
ColorsGreen, Red, White
AnniversariesAugust 1st
Engagements1948 Arab–Israeli War

War of Attrition
Black September
Yom Kippur War/October War
Lebanese Civil War
1982 Lebanon War
Islamist uprising in Syria
Mountain War (Lebanon)
Operation Desert Storm

Syrian Civil War
President of SyriaFM Bashar al-Assad
Minister of DefenseGen. Ali Abdullah Ayyoub

The Syrian Army, officially the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) (Arabic: الجيش العربي السوري), is the land force branch of the Syrian Armed Forces. It started from local military forces created by France after World War I. These forces became one force in 1945, the year before Syria became independent.

Since 1946, it has played a major role in Syria's politics, doing six military coups: two in 1949, including the March 1949 Syrian coup d'état and the August 1949 coup by Colonel Sami al-Hinnawi, and one each in 1954, 1963, 1966, and 1970. It has fought four wars with Israel (1948, the Six-Day War in 1967, the October War of 1973, and 1982 in Lebanon) and one with Jordan (Black September in Jordan, 1970). An armored division was also sent to Saudi Arabia in 1990–91 during the Persian Gulf War, but it did not do much. From 1976 to 2005 it was the major pillar of the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. Within Syria, it played a major part in stopping the 1979–82 Islamist uprising in Syria, and since early 2011 has been fighting the Syrian Civil War, the most violent and longest war the Syrian Army has taken part in since it was created in the 1940s.