kidzsearch.com > wiki  

Tenmei



KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search

Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 290: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name), also known as Temmei, after An'ei and before Kansei. This period started in April 1781 and ended in January 1789.[1] During this time, the emperor was Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 290: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value)..[2]

The nengō Tenmei means "Heavenly Radiance".[3] The kanji means "dawn" or "daybreak".[4]

Events of the Tenmei era

Map of Japan during the Tenmei era
  • 1782 (Tenmei 2): Great Tenmei Famine began.[1]
  • 1782 (Tenmei 2): The emperor received a written study of silver currency in China and Japan. The work was made by Minamoto no Masatsuna.[5]
  • 1783 (Tenmei 3): Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 290: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). erupted in Shinano Province and loss of life was estimated at 20,000+.[6]
  • 1783 (Tenmei 3): Famine was worse; food reserves used up[7]
  • 1784 (Tenmei 4): Nationwide events honored Kōbō-Daishi who was the founder of Shingon Buddhism. Kōbō-Daishi died 950 years earlier.[5]
  • 1784 (Tenmei 4): The son of Tanuma Okitsugu was assassinated in Edo Castle.[8]
  • 17 September 1786 (Tenmei 6, 25th day of the 8th month): Shogun Tokugawa Ieharu died and was buried in Edo.
  • 1787 (Tenmei 7): Tokugawa Ienari became the 11th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.[9]
  • 1787 (Tenmei 7): Matsudaira Sadanobu becomes the shogunate's senior official (rōjū).[10]
  • 1787 (Tenmei 7): Kutsuki Masatsuna published Seiyō senpu (Notes on Western Coinage).[11]
  • 1788 (Tenmei 7): Riots in rice shops in Edo and Osaka.
  • 1788 (Tenmei 8): Great Fire of Kyoto; the Imperial Palace was destroyed.[12]

Related pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 956. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 . https://books.google.com/?id=p2QnPijAEmEC&pg=PA956. 
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 546. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 . https://books.google.com/?id=p2QnPijAEmEC&pg=PA546. 
  3. Screech, Timon (2000). Shogun's Painted Culture: Fear and Creativity in the Japanese States, 1760-1829. Reaktion Books. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-86189-064-1 . https://books.google.com/?id=iEz8oVNwT7wC&pg=PA100. 
  4. Spahn, Mark; Hadamitzky, Wolfgang; Fujie-Winter, Kimiko (1996). 漢字熟語字典. Tuttle Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8048-2058-5 . https://books.google.com/?id=Kjco6W_nGAAC&pg=PA46. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 420. https://books.google.com/?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ. 
  6. Screech, (2006), Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, pp. 146-148; Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 122.
  7. Hall, Tanuma Okitsugu, p. 170.
  8. Screech, pp. 148-151, 163-170, 248.
  9. Hall, John W.; Hall, John Whitney; Brown, Delmer M.; Jansen, Marius B.; McCullough, William H.; Kanai, Madoka; Shively, Donald H.; Yamamura, Kozo et al. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-521-22355-3 . https://books.google.com/?id=k_BrQL4Pn0QC&pg=PA21. 
  10. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 617. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 . https://books.google.com/?id=p2QnPijAEmEC&pg=PA617. 
  11. Screech, (2000). Shogun's Painted Culture: Fear and Creativity in the Japanese States, 1760-1829, pp. 123, 125; See -- online image of 2 adjacent pages from library collection of Kyoto University of Foreign Studies and Kyoto Junior College of Foreign Languages
  12. Ropke, Ian Martin (1999). Historical Dictionary of Osaka and Kyoto. Scarecrow Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-8108-3622-8 . https://books.google.com/?id=VNPUUisf5ykC&pg=PA204. 

Other websites

Tenmei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788
Preceded by:
An'ei
Era or nengō:
Tenmei
Succeeded by:
Kansei