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An'ei (安永) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Meiwa and before Tenmei. This period started in November 1772 and ended in March 1781. During this time, the emperors were Go-Momozono-tennō (後桃園天皇) and Kōkaku-tennō (光格天皇).
Events of the An'ei era
- 1774 (An'ei 3): Kaitai shinsho, the first complete Japanese translation of a Western medical work, is published by Sugita Gempaku and Maeno Ryotaku.
- 1775 (An'ei 4): Epidemic diseases spread in the Japanese population and 190,000 died in Edo.
- 1775 (An'ei 4): Carl Peter Thunberg arrived at Dutch East India Company outpost or "factory" in Nagasaki.
- 1778 (An'ei 7): Flooding at Kyoto.
- 1780: After the death of Empress Go-Momozono, the succession (senso) passed to Emperor Kōkaku; and his role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1780 (An'ei 9): Heavy rains and flooding in the Kantō.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "An'ei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 31.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Momozono Tennō," p. 257.
- Nussbaum, "Kōkaku Tennō," p. 546; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 419-420.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788, p. 7.
- Screech, Timon. (2000). The Shogun's Painted Culture, p. 100.
- Nussbaum, "Kaitai shinsho" at p. 167.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 121.
- Nussbaum, "Thunberg, Carl Peter" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966; Hildreth, Richard. (1855). Japan as It Was and Is, pp. 387-423 citing Thunberg, Carl Peter. (1796). Voyages de C.P. Thunberg au Japon.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後桃園天皇 (118); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Nussbaum, "Titsingh, Izaak" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 50; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" – historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- National Archives of Japan: Hinozenshu sanbutsu zuko, scroll showing illustrated inventory of industries in Hizen, An'ei 2 (1773)
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