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An'ei (安永?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Meiwa and before Tenmei. This period started in November 1772 and ended in March 1781.[1] During this time, the emperors were Go-Momozono-tennō (後桃園天皇?)[2] and Kōkaku-tennō (光格天皇?).[3]

The nengō An'ei means "Eternal Tranquility"[4] or "Peaceful and Long".[5]

Events of the An'ei era

The volcano of Sakurajima erupted in the 7th year of An'ei
  • 1778 (An'ei 7): Flooding at Kyoto.[7]
  • 1780: After the death of Empress Go-Momozono, the succession (senso) passed to Emperor Kōkaku; and his role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[11]
  • 1780 (An'ei 9): Heavy rains and flooding in the Kantō.[7]

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "An'ei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 31.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Momozono Tennō," p. 257.
  3. Nussbaum, "Kōkaku Tennō," p. 546; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 419-420.
  4. Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788, p. 7.
  5. Screech, Timon. (2000). The Shogun's Painted Culture, p. 100.
  6. Nussbaum, "Kaitai shinsho" at p. 167.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 121.
  8. Nussbaum, "Thunberg, Carl Peter" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966; Hildreth, Richard. (1855). Japan as It Was and Is, pp. 387-423 citing Thunberg, Carl Peter. (1796). Voyages de C.P. Thunberg au Japon.
  9. Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後桃園天皇 (118); retrieved 2012-5-27.
  10. Nussbaum, "Titsingh, Izaak" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966.
  11. Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 50; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.

Other websites

An'ei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:

Template:Japanese era name