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Tenpyō-shōhō (天平勝宝?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-kanpō and before Tenpyō-hōji. This period started in July 749 and ended in August 757.[1] The reigning monarchs were Kōken-tennō (孝謙天皇?)[2] and Junnin-tennō (淳仁天皇?).[3]

Tenpyō-shōhō means "Heavenly Peace and Victorious Treasure".[4]

Events of the Tenpyō-shōhō era

  • 749 (Tenpyō-shōhō 1): Emperor Shōmu abdicated, and his daughter receives the succession (senso). Soon after, Empress Kōken's role as monarch is confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[5]
  • 752 (Tenpyō-shōhō 4, 4th month): The Eye-opening Ceremony celebrating the completion of the Great Buddha is held at Tōdai-ji in Nara.[6]
  • 5 September 750 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 1st day of the 8th month): In the 10th year of Kōken's reign, the empress abdicated; and succession (senso) was received by her adopted son. Emperor Junnin's new position is confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[7]
  • 756 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 5th month): Former-Emperor Shōmu died at age 56.[8]

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenpyō-shōhō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 957.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kōken Tennō," pp. 547-548; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 73-75; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 274-275; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 143-144.
  3. Nussbaum, "Junnin Tennō," p. 437; Brown, p. 276.
  4. Bowman, John. (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture, p. 127.
  5. Brown, Gukanshō, p. 275; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  6. Titsingh, p. 74.
  7. Titsingh, p. 75; Brown, p. 275; Varley, p. 144.
  8. Titsingh, p. 74; Bernstein, Andrew. (2006). Modern Passings: Death Rites, Politics, And Social Change in Imperial Japan, p. 24; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 聖武天皇 (45); retrieved 2012-5-22.

Other websites

Tenpyō-shōhō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: