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Theophrastus
Statue of Theophrastus
Full nameTheophrastus
Bornc. 371 BC
Eresos
Diedc. 287 BC
Athens
EraAncient philosophy
RegionWestern Philosophy
SchoolPeripatetic school
Main interestsBotany, ethics, grammar, history, logic, metaphysics, natural history, physics

Theophrastus (Greek: Θεόφραστος; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school.

He came to Athens at a young age and studied in Plato's school. After Plato's death, he attached himself to Aristotle. Aristotle bequeathed to Theophrastus his writings and designated him as his successor at the Lyceum.

Theophrastus led the Peripatetic school for thirty-six years, during which time the school flourished greatly. He is often considered the "father of botany" for his works on plants. After his death, the Athenians honoured him with a public funeral. His successor as head of the school was Strato of Lampsacus.

Historia plantarum, 1549