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Timeline of women in mathematics
This article is a timeline of women appearances in mathematics.
350–370 until 415: The lifetime of Hypatia, a Greek Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. She was head of the Neoplatonic School in Alexandria, Egypt, from the year 400. Her students were young men from around the empire.
1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia became to receive an academic degree from a university, and the first to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree. She went on to be a lecturer at the University of Padua in mathematics..
1827: French mathematician Sophie Germain saw her theorem, known as Germain's Theorem, published in a footnote of a book by the mathematician Adrien-Marie Legendre. In this theorem Germain proved that if x, y, and z are integers and if x5 + y5 = z5 then either x, y, or z must be divisible by 5. Germain's theorem was a major step toward proving Fermat's last theorem for the case where n equals 5.
1918: German mathematician Emmy Noether published Noether's (first) theorem.
1956: American mathematician Gladys West began collecting data from satellites at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. Her calculations directly impacted the development of accurate GPS systems.
2016: The London Mathematical Society's Women in Mathematics Committee was awarded the Royal Society's inaugural Athena Prize.
- Scholasticus, Socrates. Ecclesiastical History. Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20090418015156/http://www.cosmopolis.com/alexandria/hypatia-bio-socrates.html.
- "Sophie Germain". agnesscott.edu. http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/germain.htm. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Sophie Germain page". math.rochester.edu. http://www.math.rochester.edu/people/faculty/doug/UGpages/sophie.html. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- History of Woman Suffrage: 1848–1861, Volume 1. Susan B. Anthony. 1889. p. 36. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_O4kEAAAAYAAJ. Retrieved 2011-04-18. "the first public examination of a girl in geometry (1829).".
- "Sofya Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (Russian mathematician) -- Encyclopædia Britannica". britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/323006/Sofya-Vasilyevna-Kovalevskaya. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- S. Kovalevskaya, Sur Le Probleme De La Rotation D'Un Corps Solide Autour D'Un Point Fixe, Acta Mathematica 12 (1889) 177–232.
- E. T. Whittaker, A Treatise on the Analytical Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies, Cambridge University Press (1952).
- "COOL, CREATIEF, HIP met ICT - Innovative women". chai-x.nl. http://www.chai-x.nl/blog.php?post=10. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Prizes, Awards, and Honors for Women Mathematicians". agnesscott.edu. http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/prizes.htm. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- Zuschlag, Anna (in en). Cecilia Krieger. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/cecilia-krieger/. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- "How Gladys West uncovered the 'Hidden Figures' of GPS" (in en-US). GPS World. 2018-03-19. http://gpsworld.com/how-gladys-west-uncovered-the-hidden-figures-of-gps/. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
- Slater, Lucy Joan (1960), Confluent hypergeometric functions, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press,
- Slater, Lucy Joan (1966), Generalized hypergeometric functions, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- "Profiles of Women in Mathematics: Julia Robinson". awm-math.org. http://www.awm-math.org/noetherbrochure/Robinson82.html. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- The New York Times. nytimes.com. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/10/education/10math.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Math Forum @ Drexel: Congratulations, Alison!". mathforum.org. http://mathforum.org/announce/congrats_alison.html. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "IMPA - Karen Uhlenbeck: The Struggle for a Place in the Sun". Impa.br. https://impa.br/en_US/page-noticias/karen-uhlenbeck-the-struggle-for-a-place-in-the-sun/. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Change, Kenneth (March 19, 2019). "Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/19/science/karen-uhlenbeck-abel-prize.html. Retrieved 19 March 2019.