kidzsearch.com > wiki Explore:web images videos games
Timeline of women in mathematics
This article is a timeline of women appearances in mathematics.
Contents
Timeline
350–370 until 415: The lifetime of Hypatia, a Greek Alexandrine Neoplatonist philosopher in Egypt who was the first welldocumented woman in mathematics.^{[1]} She was head of the Neoplatonic School in Alexandria, Egypt, from the year 400. Her students were young men from around the empire.
1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia became to receive an academic degree from a university, and the first to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree. She went on to be a lecturer at the University of Padua in mathematics..
19th Century
1827: French mathematician Sophie Germain saw her theorem, known as Germain's Theorem, published in a footnote of a book by the mathematician AdrienMarie Legendre.^{[2]}^{[3]} In this theorem Germain proved that if x, y, and z are integers and if x^{5} + y^{5} = z^{5} then either x, y, or z must be divisible by 5. Germain's theorem was a major step toward proving Fermat's last theorem for the case where n equals 5.^{[2]}
1829: The first public examination of an American girl in geometry was held.^{[4]}
1874: Russian mathematician Sofya Kovalevskaya became the first woman in modern Europe to gain a doctorate in mathematics, which she earned from the University of Göttingen in Germany.^{[5]}
1888: The Kovalevskaya top, one of a brief list of known examples of integrable rigid body motion, was discovered by Sofya Kovalevskaya.^{[6]}^{[7]}
1889: Sofya Kovalevskaya was appointed as the first female professor in Northern Europe, at the University of Stockholm.^{[5]}^{[8]}
20th Century
1918: German mathematician Emmy Noether published Noether's (first) theorem.
1927: American mathematician Anna Johnson Pell Wheeler became the first woman to present a lecture at the American Mathematical Society Colloquium.^{[9]}
1930: Cecilia Krieger became the first woman to earn a PhD in mathematics in Canada, at the University of Toronto.^{[10]}
1956: American mathematician Gladys West began collecting data from satellites at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. Her calculations directly impacted the development of accurate GPS systems.^{[11]}
1960 and 1966: Lucy Joan Slater published two books about mathematical functions from the Cambridge University Press, one of the world's largest academic publisher.^{[12]}^{[13]}
1980s
1983: Julia Robinson became the first female president of the American Mathematical Society.^{[14]}
1990s
1995: American mathematician Margaret H. Wright became the first female president of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.^{[9]}
1998: Melanie Wood became the first female American to make the U.S. International Mathematical Olympiad Team. She won silver medals in the 1998 and 1999 International Mathematical Olympiads.^{[15]}
21st Century
2000s
2004: American Alison Miller became the first ever female gold medal winner on the U.S. International Mathematical Olympiad Team.^{[16]}
2010s
2016: The London Mathematical Society's Women in Mathematics Committee was awarded the Royal Society's inaugural Athena Prize.
2019: American mathematician Karen Uhlenbeck became the first woman to win the Abel Prize."^{[17]}^{[18]}
Related pages
References
 ↑ Scholasticus, Socrates. Ecclesiastical History. Archived from the original on 20090418. https://web.archive.org/web/20090418015156/http://www.cosmopolis.com/alexandria/hypatiabiosocrates.html.
 ↑ ^{2.0} ^{2.1} "Sophie Germain". agnesscott.edu. http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/germain.htm. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ "Sophie Germain page". math.rochester.edu. http://www.math.rochester.edu/people/faculty/doug/UGpages/sophie.html. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ History of Woman Suffrage: 1848–1861, Volume 1. Susan B. Anthony. 1889. p. 36. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_O4kEAAAAYAAJ. Retrieved 20110418. "the first public examination of a girl in geometry (1829).".
 ↑ ^{5.0} ^{5.1} "Sofya Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (Russian mathematician)  Encyclopædia Britannica". britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/323006/SofyaVasilyevnaKovalevskaya. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ S. Kovalevskaya, Sur Le Probleme De La Rotation D'Un Corps Solide Autour D'Un Point Fixe, Acta Mathematica 12 (1889) 177–232.
 ↑ E. T. Whittaker, A Treatise on the Analytical Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies, Cambridge University Press (1952).
 ↑ "COOL, CREATIEF, HIP met ICT  Innovative women". chaix.nl. http://www.chaix.nl/blog.php?post=10. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ ^{9.0} ^{9.1} "Prizes, Awards, and Honors for Women Mathematicians". agnesscott.edu. http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/prizes.htm. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ Zuschlag, Anna (in en). Cecilia Krieger. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/ceciliakrieger/. Retrieved 20180822.
 ↑ "How Gladys West uncovered the 'Hidden Figures' of GPS" (in enUS). GPS World. 20180319. http://gpsworld.com/howgladyswestuncoveredthehiddenfiguresofgps/. Retrieved 20180922.
 ↑ Slater, Lucy Joan (1960), Confluent hypergeometric functions, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press,
 ↑ Slater, Lucy Joan (1966), Generalized hypergeometric functions, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
 ↑ "Profiles of Women in Mathematics: Julia Robinson". awmmath.org. http://www.awmmath.org/noetherbrochure/Robinson82.html. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ The New York Times. nytimes.com. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/10/education/10math.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ "Math Forum @ Drexel: Congratulations, Alison!". mathforum.org. http://mathforum.org/announce/congrats_alison.html. Retrieved 20140125.
 ↑ "IMPA  Karen Uhlenbeck: The Struggle for a Place in the Sun". Impa.br. https://impa.br/en_US/pagenoticias/karenuhlenbeckthestruggleforaplaceinthesun/. Retrieved 20190319.
 ↑ Change, Kenneth (March 19, 2019). "Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/19/science/karenuhlenbeckabelprize.html. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
