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Water bodies of Azerbaijan

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The Araz River in Iranian border with the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.

Below is a list of the water bodies of Azerbaijan.


Rivers form the main part of the water systems of Azerbaijan. There are 8,359 rivers of various lengths within Azerbaijan. Of them 8,188 rivers are less than 25 kilometers in length. Only 24 rivers are over 100 kilometers long. The largest rivers that flow through the country are:

River system

The rivers in Azerbaijan can be divided into three groups:

  1. The Kur basin rivers (Qanix, Qabirri, Turyan, Agstafa, Shekir, Terter, Khachin, etc.)
  2. The Araz basin rivers (Arpachay, Nakhchivan, Okhchu, Hekeri, Kondelenchay, etc.)
  3. Rivers, flowing directly into the Caspian Sea (Samur, Gudyal, Velvele, Vilesh, Lenkeran, etc.)

Kura and Aras

The Kura and Aras are the most popular rivers in Azerbaijan. The rivers directly flow into the Caspian Sea. They come from the north-eastern slope of the Greater Caucasus and Talysh Mountains and run along the Samur-Devechi and Lenkeran lowlands.



There are over 60 water reservoirs. These help guide the river flow in Azerbaijan. The largest water reservoirs are: