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William Buckland, ca. 1845
12 March 1784|
Axminster, Devon, England
14 August 1856 (aged 72)|
Islip, Oxfordshire, England
Corpus Christi College, Oxford
|Notable awards||Copley Medal (1822)|
Buckland wrote the first full account of a fossil dinosaur, which he named Megalosaurus. He proved that Kirkdale Cave in Yorkshire had been a prehistoric hyena den, for which he was awarded the Copley Medal of the Royal Society. He was praised as an example of how scientific analysis could reconstruct events from the distant past. He was a pioneer in the use of fossilized faeces (he coined the term coprolites) to reconstruct ancient ecosystems.
However, over the next decade Buckland changed his mind. In his famous Bridgewater Treatise, Geology and mineralogy considered with reference to natural theology, he said that the biblical account of Noah's flood could not be confirmed using geological evidence. What had been taken as evidence of the 'Universal Deluge' two decades before was, he thought, evidence of a major glaciation.
- Westminster Abbey
- Reliquiæ Diluvianæ, or, observations on the organic remains attesting the action of a universal deluge
- Buckland, William 1836. Geology and mineralogy considered with reference to natural theology. London: William Pickering.
- Rudwick, Martin 2008. Worlds before Adam: the reconstruction of geohistory in the age of reform. The University of Chicago Press, p427. ISBN 0-226-73128-6
- "Toast of mice and crocodiles for tea". Chapter 3 in Cadbury, Deborah 2000. The dinosaur hunters: a true story of scientific rivalry and the discovery of the prehistoric world. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 978-1-85702-959-3